Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Introduction

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pp. ix-xxii

In the last few years, three issues have been at the forefront of historical scholarship on modern Germany, and especially the Third Reich. First, the study of the Holocaust and other aspects of Nazi Germany's policies of mass murder has expanded enormously. Second, the relationship between the German military and the regime's policies of occupation, subjugation, ...

Part One: War of Destruction

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1. Savage War: German Warfare and Moral Choices in World War ll

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pp. 3-32

Between 1941 and 1945 the Third Reich conducted the most savage military campaign in modem history. The invasion of the Soviet Union, code-named "Operation Barbarossa," cost the lives of some 24 million Soviet citizens,1 well over half of whom were civilians, and devastated vast areas of western Russia from Leningrad in the north to Stalingrad in the south. ...

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2. From Blitzkrieg to Total War: Image and Historiography

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pp. 33-76

The German Wehrmacht conducted two distinct, though not unrelated and at times overlapping types of warfare between 1939 and 1945. One was based on massive, concentrated, and well-coordinated attacks along narrow fronts, leading to encirclements of large enemy forces and aimed at achieving a rapid military and political disintegration ...

Part Two: Extermination Policies

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3. Killing Space: The Final Solution as Population Policy

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pp. 79-98

Recent developments in Holocaust scholarship have done away with many conventional interpretations. It appears that the paralyzing effect of the horror on any attempt to explain its origins has gradually diminished. More and more historians are willing now to examine the roots of the Holocaust with a good measure of detachment. ...

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4. Ordering Horror: Conceptualizations of the Concentrationary Universe

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pp. 99-121

The historiography of the Holocaust has been written almost exclusively in two distinct narratives. The first, to which German historians have made an especially important contribution in recent years, is concerned with the planning, the organization, and the perpetration of genocide. ...

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5. Ordinary Monsters: Perpetrator Motivation and Monocausal Explanations

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pp. 122-136

Even before the Nazi murder machine ground to a halt under the pressure of the greatest military alliance ever assembled, scholars, intellectuals, and thinking people throughout the world began applying themselves to the crucial questions: How was "the nation of Goethe and Schiller" ...

Part Three: Interpretations

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6. Germans as Nazis: Goldhagen's Holocaust and the World

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pp. 139-191

Whether it generated enthusiasm or wrath, Schadenfreude or indifference, the "Goldhagen phenomenon" provides us with an opportunity to investigate the impact of Nazism and the Holocaust on the redefinition of national and group identities at the end of the millennium. ...

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7. Jews as Germans: Victor Klemperer Bears Witness

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pp. 192-215

More than fifty years have passed since the final defeat of Nazism, and yet its presence in our minds seems to be stronger than ever. This demands explanation. After all, public interest in events of the past normally diminishes as they recede in time. Younger generations have other, more pressing concerns; even the memories of those who experienced the past ...

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8. Germans as Jews: Representations of Absence in Postwar Germany

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pp. 216-236

In 1987, during a conversation with a young German scholar, I remarked that, having spent a few months in Berlin, I had been struck by its distinctly provincial air as compared with other European capitals such as Paris and London. My friend sighed in agreement, adding that in the past Berlin, too, ...

Abbreviations

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pp. 237-240

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 241-242

I would like to thank the following publishers, journals, and magazines for allowing me to use revised, updated, expanded, or abridged versions of book chapters, articles, and review essays in this book. Chapter 1 is composed of revised, updated, and somewhat abridged versions of the chapters: ...

Index

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pp. 243-249