In this Book

Nathan Crick has crafted a new critical rhetorical history of American Transcendentalists that interprets a selection of their major works between the years 1821 and 1852 as political and ethical responses to the growing crises of their times. In The Keys of Power, Crick argues that one of the most enduring legacies of the Transcendentalist movement is the multifaceted understanding of transcendental eloquence as a distinct rhetorical genre concerned primarily and self-consciously with questions of power. Crick examines the Transcendentalist understanding of how power is constituted in both th self and in society, conceptualizing the relationships among technology, nature, language, and identity, critiquing the ethical responsibilities to oneself, the other, and the state, and defining and ultimately praising the unique role that art, action, persuasion, and ideas have in the transformation of the structure of political culture over historical time. What is offered hereis not a comprehensive genealogy of ideas, a series of individual biographies, or an effort at conceptual generalization,but instead an exercise in narrative rhetorical theory and criticism that interprets some of the major specific writings and speeches by men and women associated with the Transcendentalist movement—Sampson Reed, Amos BronsonAlcott, Orestes Brownson, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Henry David Thoreau, and Frederick Douglass—by placing them within a specific political and social history. Rather than attempting to provide comprehensive overviews of the life and work of each of these individuals, this volume presents close readings of individual texts that bring to life their rhetorical character in reaction to particular exigencies while addressing audiences of a unique moment. This rhetoric of Transcendentalism provides insights into the “keys of power”—that is, the means of persuasion for our modern era—that remain vital tools for individuals seeking to reconcile power and virtue in their struggle to make manifest a higher ideal in the world.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Series Editor’s Preface
  2. Thomas W. Benson
  3. pp. ix-x
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Introduction: “Eloquence is forever a power”—Transcendentalism and the Search for New Gods
  2. pp. 1-11
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  1. 1. “Eloquence is the language of love”: Sampson Reed and the Calling of Genius
  2. pp. 12-36
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  1. 2. “Jesus was a teacher”: The Dialogic Rhetoric of Amos Bronson Alcott
  2. pp. 37-65
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  1. 3. “To break the fetters of the bound”: Orestes Brownson and the Ideology of Democratic Radicalism
  2. pp. 66-103
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  1. 4. “The transformation of genius into practical power”: Ralph Waldo Emerson and the Power of Eloquence
  2. pp. 104-146
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  1. 5. “The cause of tyranny and wrong everywhere the same”: The Revolutionary Nationalism of Margaret Fuller
  2. pp. 147-187
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  1. 6. “The perception and the performance of right”: Henry David Thoreau and the Rhetoric of Action
  2. pp. 188-231
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  1. Conclusion: “Ethiopia shall stretch out her hand unto God”— Frederick Douglass and the Legacy of Transcendentalism
  2. pp. 232-240
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 241-260
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 261-270
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 271-278
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  1. About the Author
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