Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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Foreword

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pp. v-ix

Human beings have not been clever students at learning any lessons from their three or four thousand odd years of recorded history. We repeat our mistakes from generation to generation with tedious regularity. But we ought to have learned at least one simple truth: that there is no word, no idea that is not a double-edged sword. Take, for example, the adjective...

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Hmong In Minnesota

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pp. 1-76

Hmong refugees have been settling in Minnesota since the mid-1970s; along the way they have experienced both intense hardship and rewarding success. Many have received much-needed support in their new home at the same time that they have made significant contributions to the state. Yet many Minnesotans and other...

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Personal Account: Reflections

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pp. 77-80

From May of 1975 to March 15, 1976, I lived with my husband and family in Ban Vinai refugee camp in Thailand. Just before leaving Ban Vinai, I remember being afraid. I knew we were going to a country called America, but I couldn’t even imagine what the place would be like— whether it was hot or cold; what would the people look like. I had...

For Further Reading

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p. 81

Notes

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pp. 83-86

Index

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pp. 87-90

Picture Credits

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p. 91

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Acknowledgments

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p. 92

For the first time, Hmong people are actively participating in the documentation and writing of our collective history. I am grateful for the opportunity to write the story of the Hmong in Minnesota: this history is also my personal history. As part of my dissertation on this subject in the Department of American Studies at the University of Minnesota, which I completed in December 2006, I conducted extensive research...

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The People of Minnesota

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p. 93

Minnesotans can trace their families and their state’s heritage to a multitude of ethnic groups. The People of Minnesota series tells each group’s story in a compact, handsomely illustrated, and accessible paperback. Readers will learn about the group’s accomplishments, ethnic organizations, settlement patterns, and occupations. Each book includes...