Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

I first encountered the sermons of Eusebius of Emesa in a seminar on the Antiochene theologians of the patristic era when I was a graduate student at the Catholic University of America. Two things struck me at the time: here is a singularly interesting voice from the mid-fourth century and his is a voice that is often unheard in discussion of fourth-century Christianity. Reading through the Armenian sermons of Eusebius with Robin Darling Young, then on...

Abbreviations

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pp. xi-xiv

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Introduction

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pp. 1-18

Although a student of the well-known Eusebius of Caesarea and admired by the emperor Constantius, and although recognized by Jerome as a biblical commentator and skilled orator who delivered many sermons, Eusebius, the bishop of Emesa (c. 300–359), is today not a well-known figure of late antique Christianity. The main difficulty has never been an awareness that such a Eusebius existed; in fact, there are multiple references to him in...

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1. The World of Eusebius of Emesa

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pp. 19-51

the world of Eusebius of Emesa was the region comprising the Roman provinces of Osrhoene, Syria, and Phoenicia. This was a world that the Greeks and then the Romans had entered as political conquerors and, as a consequence, had left their language and culture as a legacy. In all three provinces Greek and the original Semitic traditions existed side by side; the region was bilingual and both the Greco-Roman and Semitic religious...

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2. Rhetorical and Exegetical Strategies

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pp. 52-85

The previous chapter situated Eusebius in his fourth-century Syrian world, and it indicated that within this world of diverse religions Eusebius’s loyalty, presumably originating with his upbringing in Edessa, lay with the great church or orthodox church. The previous chapter also suggested that this commitment in this context helps the modern reader understand the apologetic and polemical posture he assumed as a man of the church. Much like two...

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3. The Natural World and Human Nature

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pp. 86-122

The exegetical method and rhetorical devices discussed in the last chapter comprised one part of Eusebius’s strategy to ensure that the church was at peace with itself and that it was certain of the distinction between apostolic teaching and the ideas of Jews, pagans, and heretics. The specific theological content that he communicated using these tools through his sermons formed a second part of his strategy. The subject of the present...

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4. The Nature of God

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pp. 123-186

Eusebius crafted the first three sermons in the series on incorporeality to convince his audience that incorporeality was superior to corporeal existence, and this extended argument culminated in his discussion of the human soul. In the fourth sermon Eusebius finally applied his proofs for the superiority of incorporeality to his arguments for the incorporeality of God. After reviewing with his audience what they accomplished in the previous...

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5. The Humanity and Divinity of Christ

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pp. 187-224

The theological debate of the first half of the fifth century has come, for good and for ill, to dominate scholarship on patristic Christology. When discussing the Christological fine-tuning that occurred in the centuries after the Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon there are good reasons to depend on the “Alexandrian” and the “Antiochene” positions as guides: these centuries are characterized by further exploration and reaction to the terms...

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6. Martyrs and Virgins: Asceticism and the Church

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pp. 225-252

The previous chapter suggested that there was a close relationship in Eusebius’s mind between the soteriological significance of the divine power of Christ and living an angelic life, a life of asceticism and sexual renunciation, that transcends human nature. As this present chapter will demonstrate, the links between his soteriology and his ascetic ideal were very close and received emphasis in his sermons. Evidence from his sermons suggests,...

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Conclusion

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pp. 253-256

In the preceding chapters I have argued that Eusebius was advancing an ecclesiastical identity in his sermons, and I have noted that he frequently did this by reminding his audience that Jews, pagans, and heretics were outside of the church. By establishing boundaries through his sermons, Eusebius was looking outward to define the identity of the church, and I have discussed how he would shape his theology in order to articulate the differences between the church and these three groups....

Appendix: The Essence Terminology of De Fide, Habita Hierosolymis

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pp. 257-262

Bibliography

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pp. 263-274

Index

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pp. 275-279