In this Book

summary

The Soviet Union was the first of Europe's multiethnic states to confront the rising tide of nationalism by systematically promoting the national consciousness of its ethnic minorities and establishing for them many of the institutional forms characteristic of the modern nation-state. In the 1920s, the Bolshevik government, seeking to defuse nationalist sentiment, created tens of thousands of national territories. It trained new national leaders, established national languages, and financed the production of national-language cultural products.

This was a massive and fascinating historical experiment in governing a multiethnic state. Terry Martin provides a comprehensive survey and interpretation, based on newly available archival sources, of the Soviet management of the nationalities question. He traces the conflicts and tensions created by the geographic definition of national territories, the establishment of dozens of official national languages, and the world's first mass "affirmative action" programs.

Martin examines the contradictions inherent in the Soviet nationality policy, which sought simultaneously to foster the growth of national consciousness among its minority populations while dictating the exact content of their cultures; to sponsor national liberation movements in neighboring countries, while eliminating all foreign influence on the Soviet Union's many diaspora nationalities. Martin explores the political logic of Stalin's policies as he responded to a perceived threat to Soviet unity in the 1930s by re-establishing the Russians as the state's leading nationality and deporting numerous "enemy nations."

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. List of Tables and Maps
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. T.M.
  3. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. Footnote Abbreviations
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. A Note on Style
  2. pp. xvii-xx
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  1. 1. The Soviet Affirmative Action Empire
  2. pp. 1-28
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  1. PART ONE: lmplementing the Affirmative Action Empire
  1. 2. Borders and Ethnic Conflict
  2. pp. 31-74
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  1. 3. Linguistic Ukrainization, 1923–1932
  2. pp. 75-124
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  1. 4. Affirmative Action in the Soviet East, 1923–1932
  2. pp. 125-181
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  1. 5. The Latinization Campaign and the Symbolic Politics of National Identity
  2. pp. 182-208
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  1. PART TWO: The Political Crisis of the Affirmative Action Empire
  1. 6. The Politics of National Communism, 1923–1930
  2. pp. 211-272
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  1. 7. The National Interpretation of the 1933 Famine
  2. pp. 273-308
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  1. PART THREE: Revising the Affirmative Action Empire
  1. 8. Ethnic Cleansing and Enemy Nations
  2. pp. 311-343
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  1. 9. The Revised Soviet Nationalities Policy, 1933–1939
  2. pp. 344-393
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  1. 10. The Reemergence of the Russians
  2. pp. 394-431
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  1. 11. The Friendship of the Peoples
  2. pp. 432-461
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. 462-464
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 465-482
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 483-498
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781501713323
Print ISBN
9780801438134
MARC Record
OCLC
1016795826
Launched on MUSE
2018-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
N
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