Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-viii

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Acknowledgements

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pp. ix-x

This book has been published with the help of a grant from the Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences, through the Awards to Scholarly Publications Program, using funds provided by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada...

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Preface

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pp. xi-xvii

Today, with the benefit of hindsight, it is easy to see that francophone academics were slow to take an interest in the Jewish presence in Quebec. There are several factors to explain this reticence, so firmly entrenched that even the great societal reorientations of the...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-12

Fifty years after his death in 1967, Adrien Arcand appears to be alive and well—his writings, rather, which have never been more accessible, thanks to the Internet.
How is this phenomenon to be explained? For some years now, we have been witnessing a global resurgence...

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I: Le Goglu Builds its Nest

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pp. 13-26

Arcand entered the world with the twentieth century, a century that unquestionably saw its fair share of crises and upheavals. Arcand’s life is intimately connected to the extraordinary events that marked that century’s first fifty years, notably, Canada’s second industrial...

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II: Le Goglu Takes Flight

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pp. 27-70

In October 1929, as stock markets in New York, Toronto, Montreal, and around the world collapsed, a series of events were triggered that would plunge Canada and much of the world into an unprecedented decade of crisis. Despite a solid economy, Quebec was unable...

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III: The Blue Shirts

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pp. 71-124

When Hitler came to power in Germany, in January of 1933, it marked a turning point in the career of Arcand. At that time, fascist ideology was viewed favourably in certain of Europe’s conservative circles because, in the eyes of many, it represented the best...

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IV: The Key to the Mystery

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pp. 125-152

The origins of Arcand’s anti-Semitism remain a mystery. The scant biographical information available to us is not sufficient to explain how the son of a union leader would espouse such a doctrine to the point of dedicating more than half his life to it. Neither his father nor his...

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V: The Canadian Union of Fascists

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pp. 153-186

In 1938, the National Social Christian Party was expanding, opening new branches in Ontario with the help of Joseph Farr, a notorious young fascist from Toronto and a disciple of Arcand. During the same period, another Canadian fascist organization, the Canadian Union...

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VI: Arrests and Internments

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pp. 187-206

On August 23, 1939, Germany and Russia signed the German- Soviet non-aggression pact. The same day, the Canadian prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, convened Parliament to announce that war in Europe was imminent. Two days later, Mackenzie...

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VII: Liberation

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pp. 207-214

On June 8, 1945, Nazi Germany surrendered to the Allies. The war was over, and it had exacted a heavy toll. The conflict had left sixty million dead, most of them civilians killed in bombings. Entire peoples had been massacred. Three-quarters of the Jews of Europe...

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VIII: The Cold War Years

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pp. 215-230

In the 1950s, a wave of anti-communism was sweeping across the West. This benefited Arcand, who was recycling his pre-war theories on alleged Jewish-communist plots and carrying on a virulent anti-communist, anti-Semitic crusade in his writings.
After the...

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IX: Post-War Anti-Semitic Correspondence

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pp. 231-254

Arcand engaged in extensive correspondence with leading anti- Semites around the world after the war. In the 1950s, he continued to distribute The Key to the Mystery, one of the key conspiratorial texts professed by anti-Semites in the twentieth century. On January 29...

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X: Arcand’s Legacy

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pp. 255-298

At the outset of the 1960s, Arcand was not unaffected by the winds of change sweeping through Quebec with the onset of the Quiet Revolution. In the provincial elections of June 22, 1960, Jean Lesage’s Liberals ended the sixteen-year span of Union Nationale...

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Conclusion

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pp. 299-304

Adrien Arcand was an exceedingly complex person. To describe him simply as “the Canadian Führer” would be a mistake. Arcand was much more than that. Enemy of the nation to many, a hero to some, this paradoxical figure marked the history of Quebec...

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The Historiographical Debates

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pp. 305-310

Since the 1980s, there has been passionate debate in Quebec about the place occupied by fascism and anti-Semitism in the thought of French Canadian nationalists of the interwar period. Historians are almost unanimous that a distinction must be made between the...

Bibliography

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pp. 311-316

Index

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pp. 317-338