Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface: Gelibolu

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pp. ix-xii

During the night of April 25, 1915, the newly formed Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) landed on a beach on the western side of the Gelibolu (Gallipoli) Peninsula. Thus began the Gallipoli campaign of World War I, one of the worst-planned military operations in the history of modern warfare. By the time the campaign ended in early January 1916, more than 100,000 soldiers, the overwhelming majority of whom were Ottoman, had died, and some 250,000 had been wounded. The operation, which was planned as a...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xiv

First, I thank the many feminists, whether activists or intellectuals or both, who have provided me with knowledge, insights, understandings; who have engaged in conversation across the divides of nation, race, and class; and who have been generous with their time, their energy, their enthusiasm, their wisdom.
Second, I am most grateful to the countless colleagues and students in various parts of the world who have provided feedback and encouragement of various forms over the years it took me to put this...

Abbreviations

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pp. xv-xviii

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Introduction: September, Security, and Sisterhood

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pp. 1-19

In 2009, a young Afghan woman by the name of Gulnaz, then nineteen, was raped by her cousin’s husband and then promptly jailed under Afghan law for adultery, having sex outside marriage. Being raped in such circumstances remains, at the time of writing this book, one of several “moral crimes” on the Afghan statute books that are punishable by prison. Others include leaving an abusive husband or running away from a forced marriage. On December 1, 2011, President Hamid Karzai pardoned Gulnaz after considerable international...

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1. Where Is the “Post-9/11 World”?

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pp. 20-65

One might have thought that answering the question “Where is the ‘post-9/11’ world?” would be a fairly straightforward exercise. Usual norms of definition, based on sovereign states and UN-organized regions that are roughly equivalent to widespread consensus about what and where continents are, will surely provide some clarity, even if one does not necessarily accept these norms’ premises—from a transnational feminist viewpoint, such premises are difficult to accept uncritically. Yet even these norms do not give us 100 percent clarity...

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2. Woman–Nation–State Revisited: Global Governance

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pp. 66-92

Saskia Sassen wrote in 2002 that 9/11 brought to the fore, “with perhaps greater urgency than other events,” the need for global governance (106). This observation begs two questions from a feminist perspective. First, what would such governance involve in feminist terms, given that “the world” is constituted of states and would-be states with their attendant ethnoreligious dimensions and claims to sovereignty? Second, how may such governance be achieved in the face of the seemingly insurmountable obstacles that 9/11 also brought to...

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3. Are We Saved Yet?: Women’s Rights and the Discourse of Securitization

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pp. 93-135

The harnessing of women’s rights to nationalist or imperialist ends is not new: Third Republic France and Kemalist Turkey are oft-cited examples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, respectively. Similarly, “women’s rights” have been co-opted as a divide-and-conquer strategy in the name of imperialist “civilizing missions” of various sorts. Feminist research has long critiqued the moral panic that is created around the violation of othered women who need to be rescued from othered men, which becomes the morally palatable...

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4. What Does Hurricane Katrina Have to Do with the Subic Rape Case?

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pp. 136-167

Hurricane Katrina devastated a section of the southern coast of the United States in late August 2005, with the destruction of large parts of New Orleans being its most severe impact. A couple of months later, at the beginning of November, Nicole (not her real name), a young woman from Zamboanga, at the southern tip of the island of Mindanao, itself at the southern extremity of the Philippine archipelago, made a complaint to the Subic Bay police that she had been raped by a group of US marines who were in the area on...

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5. “Whose Side Are You On?”: Shifting Alliances and Strategic Silencings

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pp. 168-207

Analysis of heterosexuality and lesbian politics may seem to be an odd topic for a book on post-9/11ism and women. In response, I turn first to African American feminism and statements such as Sojourner Truth’s oft-cited “Ain’t I a woman?” In speaking to a women’s convention in Akron, Ohio, in 1851 in the context of a debate on racial equality, Truth argued for equality between women and men: “If the first woman God ever made was strong enough to turn the world upside down all alone, these women together ought to be able...

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6. Religion, Politics, and the Question of Legitimacy

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pp. 208-241

This book would be incomplete without further discussion of feminist and other polemics around the interaction of religion and politics in the post-9/11 context and in particular since the beginning of the so-called Arab spring. The Middle East and Arab-world upheavals of recent years, discussed in this chapter, are not the only manifestation of these political dilemmas. But as debates on “Islamophobia” and “postsecularism” have come to the fore in the West, Islamist parties have positioned themselves as the champions of democracy in a number of countries in MENA....

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7. Being Charlie, Being Paris

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pp. 242-290

On January 7, 8, and 9, 2015, three self-declared Islamists, two of them associated with al Qaeda and one associated with Daesh, assassinated seventeen people in three separate attacks in Paris. The January 7 attack was on the offices of satirical paper Charlie Hebdo, long the subject of polemic because of its caricatures of religions and religious leaders, among other things, and the January 9 attack was on a kosher supermarket. All three attackers were subsequently found and killed by police, and further suspects believed to be plotters of the...

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Conclusion: Intersections Are Meeting Places

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pp. 291-304

Among the many post-9/11 dilemmas or dilemmas exacerbated by post-9/11ism that confronted me in the preparation of this book was the question of reciprocity. With greater international attention paid by institutions, civil society corporate actors, and researchers to issues faced by women in a post-9/11 context, more complex questions of accountability, of moral and material responsibility, have arisen. How are equal and long-term exchanges negotiated in situations of instability and inequality? Feminists, even those who belong...

References

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pp. 305-354

Index

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pp. 355-390

About the Author

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pp. 391-392

Back Cover

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p. 393