Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xviii

THE idea of a book on Alabama missionaries who served in China germinated in the early 1980s. At that time I was teaching Asian history at Auburn University at Montgomery. AUM assisted the project with several research grants, which allowed me both to conduct interviews...

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1. The light of science and revelation: The Mission

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pp. 1-20

BRITISH MISSIONARY Robert Morrison, dispatched to China in 1807 by the London Missionary Society, defined his goal directly: "the light of science and revelation will ... peacefully and gradually shed their lustre on the Eastern limit of Asia and the islands of the rising...

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2. You can see all nations here: Alabama Culture and the Missionary Enterprise

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pp. 21-31

IN order to comprehend fully the missionary enterprise one must understand the evangelical culture that produced it. During the autumn of 1887 a lonely teenaged boy, newly arrived at Baptist-affiliated Howard College and sorely missing his rural Wilcox County home, wrote to a...

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3. The intense longing of my heart: Preparing for China Missions

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pp. 32-53

IN 1891 the Louisville (Kentucky) Courier-Journal, one of the South's most influential newspapers, pondered why Chinese disliked missionaries. Chief among the reasons, the editor speculated, was that missionaries were men who possessed little practical knowledge. Though...

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4. One of the hardest things I ever undertook: First Contact with China

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pp. 54-71

AFTER 102 days at sea, Martha and T. P. Crawford finally arrived at their destination. As the Horatio dropped anchor in Hong Kong harbor, Chinese junks surrounded the ship. Crewmen offered to wash clothes or sell fresh oranges and bananas. The ship's captain alighted...

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5. The peculiar customs are so bewildering: Understanding Chinese Culture

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pp. 72-102

MOST ALABAMA MISSIONARIES brought with them to China a disparaging estimate of Chinese culture. It was an evaluation forged by centuries of Western Christianity but especially refined in the atmosphere of Alabama parochialism. French novelist-philosopher André...

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6. The best way is to live one day at a time: Missionary Life in China

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pp. 103-128

MISSIONARIES troubled by the vicissitudes of Chinese culture found refuge in the familiar patterns of home life. As much as it was within their power, they turned home, family, and the rituals of daily life into familiar and supportive institutions that fortified them against...

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7. Oh, for one day's quiet retreat: Reporting Home about China

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pp. 129-147

THAT the twentieth-century South was the most parochial region of the United States seems axiomatic. Southerners by and large obtained less education and spent fewer dollars on books and travel than people in other regions. Although Alabama's export economy of cotton...

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8. A trip of preaching, healing, and teaching: Missionary Work

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pp. 148-190

IT WAS THE WORK of missionaries that allowed them to tolerate difficult living conditions and arduous furloughs. They were committed to a mission of transcendent importance. Perilous living was the price of such commitment.
Although all forty-seven Alabamians were missionaries...

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9. I was a different person—my girlhood was past: Woman Consciousness among Alabama Missionaries

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pp. 191-237

WITHOUT the presence of women no substantial Protestant missionary effort would have occurred in China. Few single Protestant male missionaries served there. Virtually every male missionary and sponsoring agency believed that a wife was essential to his success, but...

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10. Error is propagated along with truth: Conflict among Alabama Missionaries

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pp. 238-280

JUST AS THE NOTION of sisterhood evaporates in the heat of female conflict, so too the notion of holy purpose wanes with all-too-human conflicts. Missionaries fought other Westerners and each other over a variety of issues. Pragmatic businessmen saw moralistic missionaries as...

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11. Jesus Christ had nothing to do with the French: Missionaries and Chinese Politics

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pp. 281-328

SOUTHERN EVANGELICALS have often been accused of excessive piety, of being so concerned with the hereafter that they ignore the here. Paradoxically in China the charge was reversed. Critics accused them of being too much one with their culture, of being willing participants...

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12. You who drink the water, do not forget the person who dug the well: The Legacies of Alabama Missionaries in China

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pp. 329-348

THE POLITICS of Western imperialism opened the door for Christian missions in China. The politics of Marxism/Maoism closed that door a century and a half later. The sudden and dramatic expulsion of all missionaries between 1949 and 1952 brought down the curtain...

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Appendix: Missionary Biographies

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pp. 349-358

Floy (White) Adams. Baptist. Evangelist. Born in Brooklyn, Ala., 1883. Father a Baptist minister, descended from long line of Baptist ministers. Mother died three years before Floy's call to China. Educated at Orville Academy, Dothan High Sch., Judson Coll. (graduated in 1903), WMU...

Notes

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pp. 359-404

Bibliography

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pp. 405-415

Index

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pp. 416-424