Cover

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Frontmatter

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Electoral Politics Is Not Enough

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Contents

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p. v

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Preface

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pp. vii-ix

This project started with a general concern that government leaders lack awareness of and responsiveness to African American and Latino interests. It began in earnest on August 31, 1998 when Jim Gimpel and I attended a professional football game. I had just completed my comprehensive exams and only needed to write a dissertation to obtain a Ph.D. As usual, I asked ...

Abbreviations

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p. xi

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1. Representation of Minority Interests

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pp. 1-10

The basic idea of representative democracy is that officeholders will respond to, promote, and protect the interests of their constituents. At the same time, we know that race and ethnicity play significant roles in politics. An important area of research has developed regarding how various political divides within minority communities as well as between whites and various peoples ...

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2. Variation among the Northeastern Cities

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pp. 11-40

The four Connecticut cities under investigation not only typify older, Northeastern cities but also vary according to the conventional and unconventional factors that may affect governmental responsiveness to racial and ethnic minority interests. New Haven probably comes to mind when most urban scholars, political scientists, journalists, and others think about Connecticut ...

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3. Awareness of African American and Latino Policy Preferences

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pp. 41-70

In a representative democracy, elected officials must understand their constituents’ concerns. The extent to which white and minority leaders agree on the issues of greatest concern to African Americans and Latinos, and how city leaders gain awareness of racial and ethnic minority interests provide great insight into conditions under which government responds to African ...

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4. Responsiveness to African American and Latino Interests

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pp. 71-94

African Americans and Latinos want city leaders to understand their concerns, but substantive representation remains their ultimate goal. Government’s ability to address constituent interests remains an essential aspect of a representative democracy. Leaders understand minority interests to the greatest degree in Bridgeport, but scarce resources may prevent officials from responding ...

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5. How African Americans and Latinos Gain Policy Responsiveness

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pp. 95-106

To this point, my research indicates that unconventional channels increase awareness of and receptivity to African American and Latino interests. However, it has yet to address how these unconventional means heighten awareness and governmental responsiveness. An investigation of Bridgeport helps answer these questions because African Americans and Latinos utilized unconventional ...

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6. Urban Regime Theory and the Representation of Minority Interests

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pp. 107-120

Government responds unevenly to African American and Latino interests. Within the four Connecticut urban areas under investigation, city leaders substantively represent African American concerns to a greater extent than they understand and address Latino interests. Representation of Latino and African American policy preferences differs across these four cities as well. In ...

Appendix A: List of Interview Questions

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pp. 121-130

Appendix B: List of Issue-Area Categories

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pp. 131-136

Appendix C: List of Interviews

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pp. 137-150

Notes

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pp. 151-170

Bibliography

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pp. 171-184

Index

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pp. 185-192