Cover

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Title Page, Series Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Series Foreword

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pp. vii-viii

This book is part of the CESifo Seminar Series. The series aims to cover topical policy issues in economics from a largely European perspective. The books in this series are the products of the papers and intensive debates that took place during the seminars hosted by CESifo, an international...

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1. Social Economics: Current and Emerging Avenues

Joan Costa-Font and Mario Macis

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pp. 1-10

“Social economics”—the study of how individual behavior is affected by group-level influences—is a robust and growing field of research that, it can be argued, has flourished largely as a result of dissatisfaction with the purely individualistic model of human behavior. Research in this field...

Social Preferences

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2. Social Preferences, Public Policy, and Gender

Philipp Zahn and Evguenia Winschel

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pp. 13-38

Over the last three decades experimental economists have gathered substantial evidence that individuals do not behave completely selfishly. Simple two-person interaction experiments such as the Dictator Game, the Ultimatum Game, the Trust Game, and the Public Good Game repeatedly...

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3. Who Gains from Competition? The Ultimatum Game in a Labor-Market Setting in Ghana

Elwyn Davies and Marcel Fafchamps

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pp. 39-60

Understanding how labor-market institutions function is crucial for economic development. Developing countries have traditionally relied on other forms of employment than wage employment, such as being an own-account worker or a contributing to the family firm. In these types...

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4. Why Give Away Your Wealth? An Analysis of the Billionaires’ View

Jana Sadeh, Mirco Tonin, and Michael Vlassopoulos

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pp. 61-78

Philanthropic giving by the extremely wealthy is and has been historically an important phenomenon.1 The philanthropic activities of extremely rich individuals, such as Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller, have not only benefitted many people and causes but have also inspired new...

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5. Altruism and Egoism/Warm Glow in Economics and Psychology: Building a Bridge Between Different Experimental Approaches

Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm

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pp. 79-106

The standard theory in the economics of charitable giving is a dual-motive theory that combines altruism and warm glow. Altruism is defined as a desire for “improve[ment in] the general well-being of recipients” (Becker 1974). This definition leads to altruism being modeled as a public...

Culture, Values, and Norms

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6. The Microeconomics of Trust

Luigi Guiso

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pp. 109-128

Besides, the commerce of mankind is not confined to the barter of commodities, but may extend to services and actions, which we may exchange to our mutual interest and advantage. Your corn is ripe to-day; mine will be so tomorrow. It is profitable for us both, that I should labour with you to-day, and that you should...

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7. Measuring Value Diversity within Countries

Sjoerd Beugelsdijk and Mariko J. Klasing

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pp. 129-172

High diversity is often associated with poor socioeconomic outcomes, especially in developing countries. For example, slow growth (Easterly and Levine 1997; Glaeser et al. 1995), poor provision of public goods (Alesina et al. 1999, 2003), low quality of institutions (La Porta et al...

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8. Cultural Persistence and the Pill

Kelly Ragan

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pp. 173-196

Recently, economists have echoed demographers and sociologists, arguing that preference formation is important in shaping fertility decisions. Lesthaeghe and Surkyn (1988), prominent demographers, challenged economists to take up the role of preference formation in fertility...

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9. Cultural Determinants of Gender Roles: “Pragmatism” as an Underpinning Attitude toward Gender Equality among Children of Immigrants

Martin Ljunge

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pp. 197-232

Gender equality, the equal opportunity of men and women to influence the course of their lives, has increasingly become a goal of social policy. The focus on gender equality may be most apparent in the Nordic countries, which have high rates of labor-force participation by women and...

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10. The Role of Repugnance in the Development of Markets: The Case of the Market for Transplantable Kidneys

Julio Jorge Elias

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pp. 233-244

Economic efficiency is a criterion commonly used in economic analysis to establish an order of priority or preference among policy alternatives in a given context. However, in many situations efficiency is not the criterion that wins out, as a more visceral societal reaction may prevail in...

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11. Cultural Attitudes and the “Traditional Medicines Paradox”: Evidence from Ghana and the Philippines

Joan Costa-Font and Azusa Sato

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pp. 245-260

Traditional medicines continue to be widely used worldwide despite the increasing availability of modern medicines. We coin this phenomenon the “traditional medicines paradox” and argue that entrenched cultural beliefs contribute to the endurance of traditional medicines despite the...

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12. Changing Culture to Change Society?

Mireia Borrell-Porta, Joan Costa-Font, and Azusa Sato

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pp. 261-280

Culture is staging a comeback in economics research, taking center stage in empirical analysis of common behavior in labor markets, in household decisions, in health-care behavior, and, more generally, in partial-equilibrium analysis. The study of “culture” in economics is of...

Networks, Peer Pressure, and Social Interactions

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13. The Role of Children in Building Parents’ Social Networks

Odelia Heizler and Ayal Kimhi

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pp. 283-304

Fertility is one of the most important decisions that a household makes. The economic literature has examined numerous aspects of fertility decisions: the optimal number of children, the tradeoff between quantity and quality of children, intergenerational transfers, old-age security and...

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14. Individual Fundraising: The Power of the Personal

Abigail Payne, Kimberley Scharf, and Sarah Smith

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pp. 305-326

In recent years, individual fundraising through online platforms has become a mass activity, raising substantial sums for many charities. Through JustGiving, the UK’s biggest charity fundraising platform, more than a million people have raised £1.5 billion for over 13,000 charities...

Contributors

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pp. 327-328

Index

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pp. 329-332