Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Half Title, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-x

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xviii

The ad hominem or personal attack argument is frequently the immediate defensive response to any new and powerfully upsetting argument on a controversial and polarized issue, especially when interests are threatened, and emotions are running high on the issue. ...

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xix-xx

I would like to thank the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for support in the form of a research grant and specifically to thank the following individuals for their help. ...

read more

Chapter One: Classic Cases and Basic Concepts

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-43

When studying fallacies, it is useful to make a distinction among the three tasks of identification, analysis, and evaluation of the type of argument involved. Although the ultimate goal is evaluation (chapter n most of our efforts at this preparatory stage will be directed toward the task of identifying the ad hominem as a distinctive type of argument. ...

read more

Chapter Two: The Textbook Treatment

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 44-103

This survey of the treatment of the ad hominem fallacy in logic textbooks and critical thinking manuals covers sixty-six such textbook accounts ranging from 1883 through 1994. In some cases, these logic textbooks have gone through many editions, and it is not always the first edition that has been cited here. ...

read more

Chapter Three: Commitment and Personal Attack

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 104-140

The textbook treatment poses a dilemma that seems to block further pursuit of the ad hominem as a clearly definable type of argument. On the (me side is the ex concessis (Lockean) conception of the ad hominem, which holds a strong place in philosophical tradition as expressing the real nature of ad hominem and which is possible to analyze, ...

read more

Chapter Four: A Longer Case Study

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 141-176

It was the contention of chapter 3 that in order to understand how ad hominem functions as a fallacy in argumentation, you have to understand how it is used and misused as a technique of argumentation. To have a theory of ad hominem as a fallacy is not enough just to say that it is a type of argumentation that violates a rule of a critical discussion. ...

read more

Chapter Five: Character, Deliberation, and Practical Reasoning

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 177-210

This chapter breaks new ground by defining the elements of character most important in direct (abusive) ad hominem arguments and by showing how character is linked to commitment by practical reasoning in ad hominem arguments. A goal-directed normative model of dialogue called deliberation is outlined.1 ...

read more

Chapter Six: Forms and Classification of Subtypes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 211-263

This chapter presents a classification of subtypes of ad hominem arguments. For each subtype an argumentation scheme is given that represents the form of argument of the subtype so that in a particular case the form can be applied to identify the type of ad hominem argument in the case. ...

read more

Chapter Seven: Evaluation of Ad Hominem Arguments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 264-294

The problem with ad hominem arguments in political discourse is not that they are always fallacious. The problem is that character is a legitimate issue and that this legitimacy encourages a tendency to substitute soap opera for serious discussion of an issue. ...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 295-298

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 299-306

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 307-315