In this Book

Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry
summary
Psychiatry and mental health research is in crisis, with tensions between psychiatry's clinical and research aims and controversies over diagnosis, treatment, and scientific constructs for studying mental disorders. At the center of these controversies is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which -- especially after the publication of DSM-5 -- many have found seriously flawed as a guide for research. This book addresses the crisis and the associated "extraordinary science" (Thomas Kuhn's term for scientific research during a state of crisis) from the perspective of philosophy of science. The goal is to help reconcile the competing claims of science and phenomenology within psychiatry and to offer new insights for the philosophy of science. The contributors discuss the epistemological origins of the current crisis, the nature of evidence in psychiatric research, and the National Institute for Mental Health's Research Domain Criteria project. They consider particular research practices in psychiatry -- computational, personalized, mechanistic, and user-led -- and the specific categories of schizophrenia, depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder. Finally, they examine the DSM's dubious practice of pathologizing normality.ContributorsRichard P. Bentall, John Bickle, Robyn Bluhm, Rachel Cooper, Kelso Cratsley, Owen Flanagan, Michael Frank, George Graham, Ginger A. Hoffman, Harold Kincaid, Aaron Kostko, Edouard Machery, Jeffrey Poland, Claire Pouncey, Serife Tekin, Peter Zachar

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title, Series Info, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
  2. pp. 3-8
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. 1. Introduction: Psychiatric Research and Extraordinary Science
  2. Jeffrey Poland, Şerife Tekin
  3. pp. 1-14
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  1. 2. Kinds or Tails?
  2. Edouard Machery
  3. pp. 15-36
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  1. 3. Evidence-Based Medicine, Biological Psychiatry, and the Role of Science in Medicine
  2. Robyn Bluhm
  3. pp. 37-58
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  1. 4. RDoC’s Metaphysical Assumptions: Problems and Promises
  2. Ginger A. Hoffman, Peter Zachar
  3. pp. 59-86
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  1. 5. Psychopathology without Nosology: The Research Domain Criteria Project as Normal Science
  2. Claire Pouncey
  3. pp. 87-104
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  1. 6. The Promise of Computational Psychiatry
  2. Jeffrey Poland, Michael Frank
  3. pp. 105-136
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  1. 7. Personalized Psychiatry and Scientific Causal Explanations: Two Accounts
  2. Aaron Kostko, John Bickle
  3. pp. 137-162
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  1. 8. The Shift to Mechanistic Explanation and Classification
  2. Kelso Cratsley
  3. pp. 163-196
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  1. 9. Classification, Rating Scales, and Promoting User-Led Research
  2. Rachel Cooper
  3. pp. 197-220
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  1. 10. Six Myths about Schizophrenia: A Paradigm Well Beyond Its Use-By Date?
  2. Richard P. Bentall
  3. pp. 221-248
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  1. 11. Looking for the Self in Psychiatry: Perils and Promises of Phenomenology–Neuroscience Partnership in Schizophrenia Research
  2. Şerife Tekin
  3. pp. 249-266
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  1. 12. DSM Applications to Young Children: Are There Really Bipolar and Depressed Two-Year-Olds?
  2. Harold Kincaid
  3. pp. 267-292
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  1. 13. Truth and Sanity: Positive Illusions, Spiritual Delusions, and Metaphysical Hallucinations
  2. Owen Flanagan, George Graham
  3. pp. 293-314
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 315-316
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 317-327
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