Academic Capitalism in the Age of Globalization
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Half Title, Title Page, Copyright
Academic Capitalism: Politics, Policies and the Entrepreneurial University (1997) was written as an attempt to describe the politics and policies shaping the beginnings of a period of intense marketization for universities in four English-speaking countries. ...
The idea for this book was conceived when both of us editors were postdocs at the Institute of Higher Education at the University of Georgia in 2011. During that time we worked under the advisement of Sheila Slaughter, whom we thank for helping to provide the intellectually fertile environment that spawned this project. ...
Part I: Academic Capitalism Revisited
1. Academic Capitalism in Theory and Research
Brendan Cantwell, Ilkka Kauppinen
During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, universities were organizations central to modern state-building processes. For example, Clark Kerr (2001) described the “multiversity” as an institution central to the pluralist national welfare state. Over the course of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, broad social transformations have drawn many universities into market activities, often on a global scale. ...
2. Retheorizing Academic Capitalism: Actors, Mechanisms, Fields, and Networks
A number of theorists focus on connections between entrepreneurial universities and markets, generally drawing on functionalist, institutionalist, or neoinstitutionalist perspectives that concentrate primarily on higher education as a system or set of institutions within a given country (Bok 2003; Clark 1998; Fallis 2007; Gumport and Pusser 1995; Morphew and Eckel 2009). ...
3. University Revolutions and Academic Capitalism: A Historical Perspective
Changing means of organizing the relationship between higher education institutions (HEIs) and surrounding societies characterize the history of universities. Academic capitalism as a midrange social theory aims to offer, perhaps, only one of the possible explanations of the recent changes in these relationships. ...
4. Exploring the Academic Capitalist Time Regime
Each of us in the academy chooses how we spend our time. As an example, I opted to invest X number of hours in writing this chapter in exchange for an imagined amount of capital to use within the “prestige economy” of academia (Blackmore and Kandiko 2011). ...
5. Learning to Litigate: University Patents in the Knowledge Economy
Jacob H. Rooksby, Brian Pusser
Over the nearly two decades since the publication of Academic Capitalism: Politics, Policies, and the Entrepreneurial University (Slaughter and Leslie 1997), the model of academic capitalism has become one of the more widely cited conceptual frameworks in the global literature on higher education. ...
6. Academic Capitalism and Practical Activity: Extending the Research Program
Policies favoring academic capitalism are received differently across countries and actor groups. The same goes for the study of academic capitalism as practiced in the United States by Slaughter and Rhoades (2004) and their collaborators. ...
7. Extending Academic Capitalism by Foregrounding Academic Labor
In the US higher education literature, academic capitalism has been largely interpreted and applied to the orientation and practices of professors in research universities, particularly in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) fields (e.g., Mendoza 2012; Mendoza, Kuntz, and Berger 2012; Szelényi and Goldberg 2011). ...
Part II: Academic Capitalism and Globalization
8. The Global Enterprise of Higher Education
Ilkka Kauppinen, Brendan Cantwell
In the first part of this book, contributors dealt with many theoretically and empirically challenging questions in order to update and challenge our ways of approaching academic capitalism as a theory and studying it as a phenomenon. A number of the chapters also included references to one particular topic, namely, globalization. ...
9. Transnationalization of Academic Capitalism through Global Production Networks
Ilkka Kauppinen, Brendan Cantwell
In taking stock of universities’ cross-border activities, scholars have argued that there is a growing a trend toward “transnational” higher education (e.g., Altbach 2004; McBurnie and Ziguras 2001; Wilkins and Huisman 2012). Examples include, but are not limited to, cross-border research networks, branch campuses and multinational joint ventures, ...
10. How to Explain Academic Capitalism: A Mechanism-Based Approach
Tuukka Kaidesoja, Ilkka Kauppinen
Empirical studies on academic capitalism have mostly described the changing relations and blurring boundaries between universities, markets, and states in different contexts. This chapter asks whether it is possible to take one step further, to develop systematic causal explanations of this restructuring of the systems of higher education. ...
11. Peripheral Knowledge-Driven Economies: What Does Academic Capitalism Have to Say?
Seventeen years have passed since the publication of the first book on academic capitalism, Academic Capitalism: Politics, Policies, and the Entrepreneurial University by Slaughter and Leslie (1997), and ten since Slaughter and Rhoades (2004) published Academic Capitalism and the New Economy: Markets, State, and Higher Education. ...
12. Academic Capitalism in Greater China: Theme and Variations
Hei-Hang Hayes Tang
Education in Greater China—which constitutes mainland China, Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan—is phenomenal with regard to shared traditional culture, yet its diverse educational systems emerged from different modernization projects in contemporary history. Educational activities and exchanges are institutionalized by diverse academic structures and systems of credentials. ...
13. Risky Business: Academic Capitalism, Globalization, and the Risk University
Roger P. King
This chapter examines the development of the “risk university” and its potential global diffusion as an organizational and policy template. Risk has long been associated with capitalist entrepreneurial activity as a source of potential value and creative innovation, although in everyday discourse, risk is more generally regarded as indicating possible hazard and danger. ...
14. Developing a Conceptual Model to Study the International Student Market
Ilkka Kauppinen, Charles Mathies, Leasa Weimer
The rise of the new economy—marked by a shift from industry to knowledge-based pursuits—has transformed the way different groups use, or at least perceive, knowledge and its supposed economic importance as well as how societies value knowledge (Castells 1996; Jessop 2008; Slaughter and Leslie 1997; Slaughter and Rhoades 2004). ...
List of Contributors
Page Count: 296
Illustrations: 4 line drawings
Publication Year: 2014
OCLC Number: 965160449
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Academic Capitalism in the Age of Globalization