Cover

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Title Page, Maps, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 1-7

List of Abbreviations and Acronyms

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pp. 8-9

Military Ranks and Abbreviations

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pp. 10-11

Contents

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pp. 12-16

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Editorial Notes & Acknowledgments

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pp. 17-20

The Northern Command Headquarters has commanded the forces and operations on the northern border of the State of Israel for many years. That border was a focal point of IDF activity reaching its peak in the fierce fighting during the Yom Kippur...

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Preface

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pp. 21-24

This book deals with the battles of the Northern Command in the northern fighting arena during the Yom Kippur War in 1973. It is common knowledge the command was not alone in this war and fierce fighting took place in areas commanded by...

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Foreword

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pp. 25-28

Inside Israel’s Northern Command is an important book and a milestone in Israeli military historiography. The book is the most comprehensive and trustworthy account of the Yom Kippur War on the Golan Heights front, and contains...

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Introduction

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pp. 29-36

The Northern Command was established as the successor of the 1948 Northern Front, at that time headed by Maj. Gen. Moshe Carmel. Under his command, in the course of Israel’s War of Independence, it reached the country’s international...

Part I: Preparation for War

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1. Syria Wants War

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pp. 39-54

Prior to the Yom Kippur War, the Northern Command operated from its headquarters in Nazareth under Northern Command GOC Maj. Gen. Yitzhak Hofi . At the time, the Northern Command was responsible for the region that included...

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2. Kachol Lavan (Blue and White) Alert

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pp. 55-60

The Northern Command, Which was responsible for the northern front, was following events across the border and conducted extensive operations to prepare the Golan Heights district and the forces under its command for the...

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3. Operational Planning

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pp. 61-68

During April–May 1973, as part of the alert in response to warnings of a possible Egyptian-Syrian attack and after receiving detailed information about the Syrian plan of attack, the Northern Command carefully evaluated the Syrian...

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4. Preparations: Regular Service Forces-Air Force-Armored Corps

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pp. 69-76

During the period of alert in April–May 1973, the commanders realized that the positions of the Syrian Army’s permanent bases and assembly areas allowed its forces to move into launch positions on the front line overnight, according to...

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5. The Final Road to War

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pp. 77-118

When The reinforcement of the Syrian SAM alignment in the Golan Heights was first noticed, the Command Headquarters became aware that the Syrians might launch a significant movement of forces without further...

Part II: From Desperate Holding to an Offensive Towards Damascus

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6. Halting the Syrian Attack

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pp. 127-174

The Syrian attack at noon on Saturday, October 6 1973, was planned as a single campaign, whose predicted continuation was a preparation for defense at the end lines against possible IDF counterattacks. The Syrians planned to launch one Campaign...

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7. The Fall of the Hermon Outpost

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pp. 175-186

A heavy artillery bombardment of the outpost began at approximately at 14:00 on October 6. All the people at the outpost gathered in the central hall and, due to the bombardment, no observation post was manned. When the firing...

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8. Defensive—The Morning of October 7 to theMorning of October 8

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pp. 187-222

On the morning of October 7, an evaluation at the GHQ was that the situation on the Golan Heights was critical and the Syrians were actually on their way to the cliff s overlooking the Jordan River and the Sea of Galilee. Reports showed that forces...

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9. The Attempt to Capture the Hermonon October 8

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pp. 223-239

After 400 combatants of the 82nd Paratrooper Battalion completed the takeover of the Israeli outpost on the 7th of the month which deployed from the upper ski lift station to the Israeli outpost, preparing to intercept an IDF counter attack...

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Soldiers Decorated in the Holding Battle

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pp. 239-286

Corporal Shlomo Avi-Tal was with the force fighting in Tel Saki on the Golan Heights. They were outnumbered by enemy forces and Corporal Shlomo Avi-Tal was trapped wounded inside the bunker. However, when he saw there were many...

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10. The Syrian Army—From Penetration to the Depthsof the Golan Heights to the Delay in the EasternDefensive Alignments

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pp. 287-292

At the end of the second campaign day on October 7, the advance brigades of the Syrian 5th Division reached a line from which they overlooked the openings of the routes going up to the Golan Heights. The 132nd Mechanized Brigade with...

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11. The Counterattack, October 8–10

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pp. 293-323

On the morning of October 8 at 06:00, the “Approval No. 6” order was issued by the GHQ Operations Department that summed up the plan on the two fronts. “The IDF will halt the enemy forces in the Golan Heights and Sinai, destroy most...

Photos

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pp. 324-331

Maps

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pp. 332-340

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12. The Breakthrough into Syrian TerritoryOctober 11–12

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pp. 341-390

The NorTherN CommaND pLaNNeD the breakthrough eastward as early as October 10.
It was based on the GHQ’s decision to have the war on enemy territory, on the Syrian front, in order to take Syria out of the war cycle and deter Jordan...

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13. The Breakthrough, the Threat on Damascus, andthe Battles Against the Expeditionary Forces

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pp. 391-426

The command forces spent October 13 preparing for the renewal of the advancement east, which had been halted following the arrival of the Iraqis expeditionary force. The Syrians used the Israeli forces delay in combat o concentrate the ever...

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14. Operation Kinuach (Dessert) Recapturing theHermon

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pp. 427-478

The reCapTuriNG oF The Hermon remained on the agenda of the GHQ and the Northern Command. The battle procedure for Operation Kinuach (Dessert) accelerated on the 15th of the month, when Maj. Gen. Yitzhak Hofi met with...

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Soldiers Decorated in the Breakthrough Phase

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pp. 479-508

During the Yom Kippur War, Lt. Col. Moshe Egozi of blessed memory, commanded the mechanized infantry battalion in the Golan Heights battles. Throughout the days of fi ghting, Lt. Col. Moshe Egozi of blessed memory, insisted that his battalion be...

Part III: Operating the Command Systems at War

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15. The General Staff Branch

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pp. 511-522

The Northern Command General Staff Branch (G3), headed by Lt. Col. Uri Simchoni had direct responsibility over the core issues of the command tasks. These included the operational tasks in the three sectors on the Lebanese, Syrian...

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16. Intelligence

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pp. 523-536

The Northern Command Headquarters intelligence branch was in charge of all the intelligence required by the GOC, the staff officers and branches and the subordinate units. It provided information relating to needs of the different...

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17. Artillery

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pp. 537-564

The 744Th artillery Command Headquarters (HAC HQ) —under the command of Lt. Col. Avraham Bar David and G3 officer Maj. Gidon Etzion—planned, assembled, and deployed the artillery in the Northern Command region. The...

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18. Field Engineering

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pp. 565-574

The state of alert declared in the Northern Command on the eve of the Yom Kippur War included field engineering necessities and preparations. The main activity in the period between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur26 was devoted...

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19. Air Force

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pp. 575-600

During the months of July to September 1973, the first signs of significant changes in the Syrian alignment along the front as well as their thickening their anti-aircraft alignment were observed. On July 16, 1973, the Israeli Air Force...

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20. Logistics

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pp. 601-624

GHQ and command logistics facilities were established, including forward supply facilities, regional workshops, communications installations and medical facilities when the IDF deployed in the new regions. These forward facilities...

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21. Ordnance

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pp. 625-630

The ordnance elements in the Northern Command region were part of the general eff ort to provide logistics support to the maneuvering forces. At the head of the Ordnance Corps alignment in the command, stood the Command Ordnance...

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22. Medical Corps

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pp. 631-640

The Northern Command 541st Medical headquarters entered a state of full alert on Friday morning, October 5, when the Lock order was issued by the command G3. All preparations were made for mobilizing the reserve forces after the...

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23. Military Police

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pp. 641-646

During the first days of the war the military police in the Northern Command, under the command of Lt. Col. Zvi (Herman) Hershko, was engaged in assisting the mobilization eff orts and in opening and controlling the routes...

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24. Adjutant Branch

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pp. 647-650

On the war eve, the Northern Command, under the command of GOC Maj. Gen. Yitzhak Hofi , felt that the order of battle on the Golan Heights was insuffi cient in case it needed to defend the Golan Heights and demanded reinforcements...

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25. Signal Control and Communications

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pp. 651-658

The command signal officer Lt. Col. Avraham Kayam was in charge of the control and communications alignment in the Northern Command, his deputy was Maj. Rafi Siman Tov and Maj. Uri Tal was the G4 Signal offi cer. The system...

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Soldiers Decorated Among the Firepower and Combat Support Alignments

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pp. 659-678

On October 11 1973, Staff Sergeant Agasi Eli, of blessed memory, went on an aerial patrol assignment to support the ground forces during their breakthrough on the Golan Heights. There was a need to take risks far and beyond the call and limitations...

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Quantitative Summart of the War on the Northern Front

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pp. 679-680

The Yom Kippur War, in the northern front against the Syrian Army and the Arab expeditionary forces, lasted nineteen days, from October 6–24th when the ceasefire went into effect after the liberation of the Hermon outpost...

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Afterword

Major General (res.) Uri Simchoni

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pp. 681-694

It is customary to say that we cannot know what the next war will look like, but this saying is only partially true. To a large extent, the war would be influenced by decisions and actions made in the period between wars, and since periods between the wars much...

Writers and Their Contributions

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pp. 695-698

Bibliography

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pp. 699-704