Cover

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Half Title, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

The revival of political philosophy has assumed that a theory of human well-being and fulfillment is necessary, but recent work has been preoccupied with questions of epistemology and technical conceptual analysis. Where the nature of the human good has been considered, the paradigm of autonomous individualism has customarily held sway. ...

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1. The Problem of Order

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pp. 1-15

Political philosophy explores the nature and causes of order and disorder in human living together. It is a commonplace that profound theorizing occurs during times of crisis, arising in response to a thinker's perception of the symptoms of disease in the body politic—war, revolution, corruption, oppression, injustice, or other civic cancers. ...

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2. Human Character

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pp. 16-35

I begin far from politics. Ordinary political discussion and commentary largely do without the concepts of commitment, solitude, responsibility, attentiveness, risk, honesty, and love. Political activity, on the surface at least, avoids such concerns. Nor are they often the subject of graduate seminars in departments of political science. ...

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3. Communion and Hospitality

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pp. 36-59

"Community" is a term with a long and ambiguous history in social thought, so that without further definition it does not point to any specific kind of human relation. Indeed, in English the term is more obscure than in other languages, since we have one word where German, Italian, and French, for example, use a number to cover general human relations, local communities, and affective unity.1 ...

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4. Character and Community

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pp. 60-80

In chapter 2, I considered man alone; more precisely, I examined the character of man in solitude, commitment, and responsibility. To embrace solitude and its dialogue, to be committed to truth, and to be responsible is to be human. In chapter 3, I considered man in community, in the solidarity of communion, and in the encounter of hospitality. ...

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5. Authority

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pp. 81-103

Authority has become, since the seventeenth century, the key political concept. Yet discussions of authority usually put the cart first, since they are ordinarily posed in terms of obligation, which cannot be discussed before consideration of the nature and foundation of authority. ...

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6. Freedom

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pp. 104-127

The thematic quotations above present contrasting views on freedom. Silone links it with right choice. A person is free in a tyranny only when he takes the proper stance toward the tyranny-resistance. Any other attitude produces enslavement. Here there is no "cloudiness," no perplexity about the nature of the regime. ...

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7. Pluralism and the Common Good

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pp. 128-149

Since communion, hospitality, and character are the central normative principles that we have established, the central question becomes: how, if at all, does politics promote character and community? The worth of politics must be measured by its contribution to the human good. All political theorists have explicitly or implicitly taken this view. ...

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8. Politics, Hospitality, and Character

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pp. 150-162

Different as they are, hospitality and communion are similar in being relations which involve the fundamental elements of character. More to the point, hospitality is a communal condition which is distributable, making important contributions to individual development. This suggests that hospitality is related to the common good of a political society. ...

Notes

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pp. 163-180

Bibliography

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pp. 181-190

Index

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pp. 191-195