Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-x

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Outrunning Constantine’s Shadow

Aristotle Papanikolaou, George E. Demacopoulos

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pp. 1-8

Whatever one may mean by “political theology,” or even whether, as Stanley Hauerwas questions,1 there can be such a thing as political theology, it is fair to assert that the discussion on these themes has followed primarily a Protestant- Catholic trajectory. Th e post- Communist situation has thrust the Orthodox into these debates, though there...

The Post- Communist Situation

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Moral Argument in the Human Rights Debate of the Russian Orthodox Church

Kristina Stoeckl

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pp. 11-30

Over the last decade and a half the Rus sian Orthodox Church has conducted an intense debate on human rights, initiated by today’s patriarch and former metropolitan of Smolensk and Kaliningrad, Kirill.1 In an article published in Nezavisimaya Gazeta on 26 May 1999, Kirill expressed the conviction that human rights are a natural...

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Post-Communist Orthodox Countries and Secularization: The Lautsi Case and the Fracture of Europe

Father Capodistrias Hämmerli

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pp. 31-58

This essay explores how the accession of post-Communist and Orthodox countries to the European Union and the Council of Eu rope during the last two decades has impacted the process of secularization in Europe. Post- Communist Orthodox countries provide an alternative approach to secularization that has come...

Political Theologies: Protestant-Catholic-Orthodox Conversations

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Power to the People: Orthodoxy, Consociational Democracy, and the Move beyond Phyletism

Luke Bretherton

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pp. 61-77

I had the privilege a few summers ago of going on retreat to Vatopedi Monastery on Mount Athos, the ancient spiritual center of Orthodoxy.1 Up some stairs from where the church and refectory were located, in a passageway the monks constantly traversed, were two clocks. One was marked “worldly”/cosmic time, keeping Greenwich...

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Power, Protest, and Perichoresis: On Being Church in a Troubled World

Mary Doak

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pp. 78-97

We have entered the twenty-first century with global systems of communication and trade binding the world’s population together more thoroughly than perhaps at any other time in history. Unfortunately, this globalization is also presenting unprecedented challenges to human survival and flourishing. Our increasingly global economy holds...

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Strange Fruit: Augustine, Liberalism, and the Good Samaritan

Eric Gregory

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pp. 98-110

A notable feature of con temporary Anglo- American theology is the welcome revival of engagement with Orthodoxy. But it is a less prominent feature of the resurgent interest in “political theology.” Th is neglect is unfortunate. Th ere are historical and historiographical reasons for a preoccupation with the Latin West, especially given the vexed relation of Augustinianism to democratic constitutional...

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An Orthodox Encounter with Liberal Democracy

Emmanuel Clapsis

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pp. 111-126

The majority of the Orthodox churches, living in liberal democratic societies, are free to worship God and live the fullness of the Orthodox tradition in its diverse ethnic and cultural expressions. However, the freedom that liberal democratic societies ascribe to their citizens generates an unprecedented pluralism of voluntary communities...

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Democracy and the Dynamics of Death: Orthodox Reflections on the Origin, Purpose, and Limits of Politics

Perry T. Hamalis

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pp. 127-154

The phrase “shadow of Constantine,” which appears in this volume’s title, can be interpreted as encompassing at least two reflective trajectories. Th e more common of the two is Constantine’s legacy as the first emperor to self- identify as a Christian. Here, Constantine’s “shadow” includes the sociopolitical repercussions...

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“I Have Overcome the World”: The Church, the Liberal State, and Christ’s Two Natures in the Russian Politics of Theosis

Nathaniel Wood

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pp. 155-172

In his recent book The Mystical as Political, Aristotle Papanikolaou has drawn attention to the thought of the Russian Orthodox philosopher-theologians Vladimir Soloviev (1853–1900) and Sergius Bulgakov (1871–1944) as an indispensable resource for Christian theologians working out the political implications of the doctrine...

Constantine’s Shadow: Historical Perspectives

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Emperors and Bishops of Constantinople (324–431)

Timothy D. Barnes

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pp. 175-201

Constantine, the first Christian ruler of the Roman Empire, casts a long shadow over all the subsequent history of Christian churches everywhere in the world up to the present day. But Constantine’s relations with the Christian Church were shaped by an existing framework of attitudes and beliefs formed in a pagan Roman Empire that first formally...

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Stepping Out of Constantine’s Shadow

Peter Iver Kaufman

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pp. 202-218

Beginning in 1970 and continuing for forty years thereafter, Robert Markus informed and enlivened discussions of Constantinian Christianity. His impressive erudition still illumines our understanding of the period “during which Christian Romans came slowly to identify themselves with traditional Roman values, culture...

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“You Cannot Have a Church Without an Empire”: Political Orthodoxy in Byzantium

James C. Skedros

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pp. 219-231

At the end of the fourteenth century, the Byzantine Empire had been reduced to a handful of possessions consisting of the depopulated city of Constantinople, a few port towns in nearby Thrace, the independent empire of Trebizond on the southern coast of the Black Sea, some northern Aegean islands, and parts...

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Roman Catholicism and Democracy: The Postconciliar Era

J. Bryan Hehir

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pp. 232-250

The goal of this essay is to provide a synthetic statement of the understanding of democracy in the Roman Catholic Church after Vatican II. Th is will be achieved in two stages: first, some background information to elucidate the state of the question before the Council; second, an examination...

An Apophatic Approach

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How (Not) to Be a Political Theologian

Stanley Hauerwas

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pp. 253-274

I have recently discovered I am numbered among those identified as “political theologians.” I must be a political theologian because there is an article, a very good article by Rusty Reno, on my work in The Blackwell Companion to Political Theology.1 Reno even begins his article with the astounding claim that “in the final decades of the twentieth century...

Contributors

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pp. 275-280

Index

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pp. 281-291

About the Authors

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p. 292