In this Book

Blue Texas
summary
This book is about the other Texas, not the state known for its cowboy conservatism, but a mid-twentieth-century hotbed of community organizing, liberal politics, and civil rights activism. Beginning in the 1930s, Max Krochmal tells the story of the decades-long struggle for democracy in Texas, when African American, Mexican American, and white labor and community activists gradually came together to empower the state's marginalized minorities. At the ballot box and in the streets, these diverse activists demanded not only integration but economic justice, labor rights, and real political power for all. Their efforts gave rise to the Democratic Coalition of the 1960s, a militant, multiracial alliance that would take on and eventually overthrow both Jim Crow and Juan Crow.

Using rare archival sources and original oral history interviews, Krochmal reveals the often-overlooked democratic foundations and liberal tradition of one of our nation's most conservative states. Blue Texas remembers the many forgotten activists who, by crossing racial lines and building coalitions, democratized their cities and state to a degree that would have been unimaginable just a decade earlier--and it shows why their story still matters today.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Half Title, Series Page, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Illustrations
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. List of Abbreviations Used in the Text
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Prologue
  2. pp. 1-13
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  1. Chapter 1. People Are Power: The Mass Uprising and the Maverick Coalition
  2. pp. 14-55
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  1. Chapter 2. Segregation Is an Economic Problem: Black Workers Win the Right to Vote
  2. pp. 56-86
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  1. Chapter 3. Forcing Us Together in Self-Defense: The Cold War, the Black Vote, and the Liberal Movement
  2. pp. 87-132
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  1. Chapter 4. Minorities Combine: G. J. Sutton, Albert Peña, and the Democrats of Texas
  2. pp. 133-170
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  1. Chapter 5. Unions Are Needed So Desperately Here: The Rebirth of the Labor Movement and the Seeds of the Bexar Coalition
  2. pp. 171-193
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  1. Chapter 6. We Shall Be Heard: Civil Rights in Black and Brown from the Sit-ins to Viva Kennedy
  2. pp. 194-231
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  1. Chapter 7. Trying to Reach Substantially Unanimous Agreement: The “Latin Vote” and the First Democratic Coalition
  2. pp. 232-275
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  1. Chapter 8. Separating the Wheat from the Chaff: Intraracial Divides Give Way to Interracial Unity
  2. pp. 276-314
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  1. Chapter 9. They’ll Never Separate Us Again: The Multiracial Democratic Coalition on the March
  2. pp. 315-359
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  1. Chapter 10. New Power for Texas Minorities: Winning the Battles, Losing the War
  2. pp. 360-397
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  1. Epilogue: The Multiracial Marcha
  2. pp. 398-422
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 423-428
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 429-492
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 493-512
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 513-538
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