In this Book

Multiple InJustices
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The last two decades have witnessed two political transformations that have deeply affected the lives of the indigenous peoples of Latin America. First, a discourse on indigeneity has emerged that links local struggles across the continent with transnational movements whose core issues are racism and political and cultural rights. Second, recent constitutional reforms in several countries recognize the multicultural character of Latin American countries and the legal pluralism that necessarily follows.

Multiple InJustices synthesizes R. Aída Hernández Castillo’s twenty-four years of activism and research among indigenous women’s organizations in Latin America. As both feminist and critical anthropologist, Hernández Castillo analyzes the context of legal pluralism wherein the indigenous women of Mexico, Guatemala, and Colombia struggle for justice. Through ethnographical research in community, state, and international justice, she reflects on the possibilities and limitations of customary, national, and international law for indigenous women.

Colonialism, racism, and patriarchal violence have been fundamental elements for the reproduction of capitalism, Hernández Castillo asserts. Only a social policy that offers economic alternatives based on distribution of wealth and a real recognition of cultural and political rights of indigenous peoples can counter the damage of outside forces such as drug cartels on indigenous lands.

She concludes that the theories of indigenous women on culture, tradition, and gender equity—as expressed in political documents, event reports, public discourse, and their intellectual writings—are key factors in the decolonization of Latin American feminisms and social justice for all.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. vii-vii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-2
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 3-32
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  1. 1. Activist Research on Justice and Indigenous Women’s Rights
  2. pp. 33-66
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  1. 2. Multiple Dialogues and Struggles for Justice: Political Genealogies of Indigenous Women in Mexico, Guatemala, and Colombia
  2. pp. 67-122
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  1. 3. Indigenous Justices: New Spaces of Struggle for Women
  2. pp. 123-162
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  1. 4. From Victims to Human Rights Defenders: International Litigation and the Struggle for Justice of Indigenous Women
  2. pp. 163-189
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  1. 5. From the Multicultural State to the Penal State: Incarcerated Indigenous Women and the Criminalization of Poverty
  2. pp. 190-228
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  1. Final Thoughts
  2. pp. 229-234
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  1. Appendix 1. Case of Inés Fernández Ortega v. México: Official Expertise Anthropological Report
  2. pp. 235-252
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  1. Appendix 2. Legal Files of Indigenous Women Prisoners in Morelos and Puebla
  2. pp. 253-260
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  1. Appendix 3. From the “Life Histories” Workshop at Atlacholoaya, Morelos
  2. pp. 261-268
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  1. Appendix 4. From Bitácora del Destierro: Narrativa de Mujeres en Prisión
  2. pp. 269-270
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  1. Appendix 5. From Divinas Ausentes. Antología Poética de Mujeres en Reclusión
  2. pp. 271-272
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 273-294
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  1. References
  2. pp. 295-322
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 323-331
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