Mapping the Victorian Social Body
Publication Year: 2004
Published by: State University of New York Press
Title Page, Copyright
List of Illustrations
IN 1844, WHEN DICKENS’S young architect Martin Chuzzlewit visits America, he invests in Eden: “a most important place” which he knows only through a map, or, more precisely a plan. The plan shows “A flourishing city....An architectural city, too! There were banks, churches, cathedrals, market-places, factories, hotels, stores, mansions, wharves; an exchange, a theatre; public...
AS IS USUAL WITH ANY PROJECT, I owe thanks to too many people to count.Institutions first: I must mention the generous assistance and friendly atmosphere of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, and especially Sally Bragg, who makes it all function smoothly. Thanks too to the Wellcome Library, London. The ever-reliable British Library, where I have had many...
PART I: Introductory
1. Mapping and Social Space in Nineteenth-Century England
NINETEENTH-CENTURY ENGLAND saw a growing concern with what came to be defined as social problems—poverty, crime, and what would finally be termed “public health” issues. Much of this has been correctly attributed to urbanization and industrialization, and the urban is certainly central in conceptions of the social body in this period, particularly London. More...
PART II: Mapping Disease in the Metropole
2. Visible at a Glance: English Sanitary and Medical Maps
AS FOUCAULT, DONZELOT, POOVEY and others have suggested, the nineteenth century was obsessed with visibility. The city, in particular, became subject to a scrutiny which was as much devoted to actively establishing transparency as it was to simply recording what was already present. Modes of knowing
3. Invisible to the Naked Eye: John Snow
PHYSICIAN BENJAMIN WARD RICHARDSON, describing public reaction to the St. James epidemic, remarks, “[S]uch a panic possibly never existed in London since the days of the great plague. People fled from their homes as from instant death, leaving behind them, in their haste, all that they valued most” (xxvi). John Snow’s analysis of this epidemic and recommendation to...
PART III: Narrating Metropolitan Space
4. A Tale of Two Parishes: Place and Narrative in the London Cholera Epidemic of 1854
WE HAVE SEEN SOMETHING of how Snow’s views were argued and contested in relation to sanitary and medical conceptions of space. But of course, these conceptions themselves did not operate in a vacuum. Snow’s arguments were consumed within a context of multiple perceptions and lived experiences of space, both by local residents of the area and others. This chapter will seek...
5. Medical Mapping, the Thames,and the Body in Dickens’s Our Mutual Friend
IN THESE FIRST LINES of Dickens’s Our Mutual Friend, all of the iconic elements important to the novel are present: the degraded man, the pure girl, the Thames, and most importantly, filth: a dirty boat on a “filthy” river (44), with, as Dickens’s Mr. Mantalini would have described it, a “demd, damp, moist, unpleasant body” in tow. Although Dickens ostentatiously disregards...
PART IV: Mapping the Body of Empire
6. India in the 1830s: Mapping from the Professional Periphery
WE HAVE SEEN THAT the mapping of disease operated as part of an extensive spatialization of social knowledge which, in turn, was part of a reconceptualization of the space of the nation, the city, and the metropole. Dickens works hard to break down the geographic conception of otherness within England in favor of a potentially equally homogenous, equally civilized and malleable...
7. India in the 1860s: Mapping Imperial Difference
THE YEARS INTERVENING BETWEEN the early 1830s and the mid-1860s produced, relatively speaking, far fewer medical maps by British medics in India than were created at either end of the period. Mapping of India for military, ordinance, railway building, and drainage and irrigation purposes continued apace but, perhaps because of cholera’s endemicity, and because the epidemic...
Afterword: Still Visible Today
BY THE END OF THE CENTURY, medical mapping was fully integrated into public health discourse and was increasingly standardized. The confusion and multiplicity that reigned earlier dissipated, and with it, the potential for dramatic new changes in the public imagination of community. However, the earlier impact of such mapping lingered in other forms; perhaps its influence...
Page Count: 267
Illustrations: 22 maps, 7 figures
Publication Year: 2004
Series Title: SUNY series, Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century
Series Editor Byline: Pamela K. Gilbert See more Books in this Series
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Mapping the Victorian Social Body