Cover

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Half Title, Series Info, Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-x

This book has its origins in an offhand remark made by Bruce Seely, who at the time was serving as a National Science Foundation (NSF) program officer in science and technology studies. As a temporary program officer, or “rotator,” Bruce looked around him during 2000–2002 and saw firsthand the changes that NSF was experiencing with FastLane. ...

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1. Managing Science

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pp. 1-16

Science and computing press forward, seemingly without limit or liability. In a heartbeat of historical time, the enterprise of computing has transformed the world’s economies and cultures. It once took computers the size of a dentist’s office and costing millions of dollars to do the multitudinous number-crunching that yesterday’s desktop computers or today’s tablets do in the background while processing incoming streams of audio or video. ...

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2. Origins of E-Government

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pp. 17-36

The impulse to use information technology to speed the flow of data and achieve greater precision in its use stretches back to the dawn of the industrial age, when the flow of information itself—the relentless reams of data issuing from commerce, railways, industry, government, and the mathematical sciences themselves—triggered a wave of invention that resulted in the first recognizable computers. ...

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3. Developing a New System

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pp. 37-64

During the six years between FastLane’s first appearance as an experimental research project in 1994 and its mandatory agency-wide use in 2000, the commercial Internet was born and then exploded. FastLane grew up in its shadow. Early on there was no commercial Internet, and the World Wide Web that created it wasn’t so impressive. ...

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4. Principal Investigators as Lead Users

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pp. 65-95

National Science Foundation principal investigators are a diverse community of 50,000 or more researchers.1 While most are scientists and engineers, PIs also come from the social sciences (economists, political scientists, sociologists, psychologists, geographers, archeologists, and anthropologists), humanities (historians and philosophers), and even small businesses.2 ...

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5. Research Administrators as Lead Users

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pp. 96-117

While grant coordinators and assistants at the department, laboratory, and research center levels (discussed in chapter 4) form one critical piece of the research administration system at larger universities, virtually all universities and colleges with externally funded research have a sponsored research office. ...

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6. NSF Staff as Legacy Users

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pp. 118-140

While PIs and SRO staff were the primary external users of FastLane, from the start of the project the aspiration was to go paperless within NSF as well. What individuals outside NSF generally understand as the totality of FastLane was, in fact, only the modules for grant submission, proposal review, and post-award grants management. ...

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7. Legacies, Lessons, and Prospects

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pp. 141-162

From its earliest conception in the 1990s, FastLane was intended to be thoroughly interactive, a step toward full-blown, multimedia, colleague-to-colleague interactivity. There were at that time inspiring visions for using computers to create rich and compelling communication spaces. ...

Appendix A. University Site Visits

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pp. 163-164

Appendix B. Interview Summary Statistics

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pp. 165-168

Notes

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pp. 169-194

Essay on Sources

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pp. 195-200

Index

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pp. 201-206