Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. v

Foreword

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-ix

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xiv

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xv-xvi

read more

Chapter 1 Disproportionate Minority Confinement (DMC)

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-9

"This book is based on the view that the effects of race on justice system decision making are variable—dependent on time, macrosocial factors (e.g., racial composition of communities), the characteristics of the court in question (e.g., degree of bureaucratization), and the presence and extent of racial stereotyping. The few quantitative contextual studies of juvenile justice decision making have emphasized..."

read more

Chapter 2 Understanding DMC

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 11-26

"The following pages present a review of two initial assessment studies and additional research conducted by the author to determine the causes of disproportionate minority confinement (DMC) in Iowa. The more recent research relied upon a contextual framework that emphasized the structural characteristics of communities and, to a lesser extent, the organizational features of..."

read more

Chapter 3 Correctional Orientations, Race, Crime, Family, and Respect for Authority

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 27-43

"Despite differences in theory and/or the sources for the increased social control of youth, a common theme within contextual analyses pertinent to this study is how decision-makers perceive minorities. Prior contextual frameworks place an emphasis, explicitly or implicitly, on the social interactions between..."

read more

Chapter 4 Methods

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 45-58

"The present research examines the extent adherence to a dominant correctional orientation(s) and perceptions of minorities as criminal, coming from dysfunctional families, and lacking respect for authority by decision-makers influence decision making and vary by juvenile court. The examination of these socialpsychological processes should broaden our understanding of the contexts of..."

read more

Chapter 5 Movement through the Juvenile Justice System

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 59-72

"This chapter examines decision making in each jurisdiction to assess the movement of youth from referral at intake to a dispositional outcome involving a change of placement or transfer to adult court. There are two objectives in tracing this movement through the proceedings. The first is to treat juvenile justice decision making as a process that spans multiple stages. Researchers generally..."

read more

Chapter 6 The Influence of Legal and Extralegal Factors on Decision Making

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 73-90

"In this chapter, a summary of the results from the examination of the race associations with each decision-making stage for each jurisdiction is presented. Next, the discussion centers on the findings from the multivariate analysis in the form of logistic regression to determine if the bivariate relationships..."

read more

Chapter 7 Accountability and Intervention

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 91-103

"Decision making in Bond is more closely examined through the use of data gathered from interviews with nineteen decision-makers. Fifteen juvenile court officers, a judge, two public defenders, and a prosecutor were interviewed. Twelve of the respondents are male and, with the exception of two African Americans, all are white. The mean age is thirty-eight. The mean length of..."

read more

Chapter 8 Rehabilitation, Protection of Society, and Adherence to Middle-Class Values

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 105-119

"In Jackson, 23 adult juvenile court decision-makers were interviewed and consisted of juvenile court officers (n  16), judges (n  2), public defenders (n  2), and prosecutors (n  3). None of the decision-makers are minority; seven are female. The mean age of the personnel is 40. On average, they had worked for this juvenile court for eight years. Furthermore, a large percentage..."

read more

Chapter 9 Formal Rationalized Justice and Nonintervention

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 121-132

"Twenty-two juvenile court probation officers, 2 judges, 2 prosecutors, and 2 public defenders were interviewed in King. Of the 28 decision-makers, 19 are male, and 2 are African American. The mean age of the respondents is 42, and the average length of time on the job is ten years. King has the following characteristics:"

read more

Chapter 10 Dysfunctional Family, Subcultural Values, Lack of Resources, and Rehabilitation

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 133-145

"Twelve juvenile court officers, 1 judge, and 1 referee were interviewed in the jurisdiction of Parks. Of the 14 respondents, 7 are male. All of the subjects are white. The mean age of the personnel is 41 and the average length of time on the job is 12 years. The structural characteristics of the community, the organizational features of the juvenile court, and the results from the quantitative..."

read more

Chapter 11 Summary and Conclusions

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 147-171

"Efforts have recently begun to refine theory and to conduct studies of court processing by paying greater attention to the conditions and circumstances when race matters. The search for the contexts of decision making has resulted in an emphasis on the structural and/or the organizational characteristics of communities and courts (e.g., Ulmer, 1997; Crawford et al., 1998) and..."

Appendixes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 173-185

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 187-195

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 197-220

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 221-225