Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xiii

During this long project I have accumulated many debts, and no words of acknowledgment would be enough to express my most profound gratitude to a number of people. From the very beginning of this project, Bruce...

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Notes on Romanization and Translation

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p. xiii

All Korean words have been romanized according to the McCuneReischauer system; exceptions are those Korean authors who have published in English using a different spelling and well-known historical names such...

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Introduction: Minjung, History, and Historical Subjectivity

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pp. 1-20

This book is about intellectuals and university students who participated in the South Korean democratization movement, known also as the minjung movement. I refer to them as either minjung practitioners or...

Part I. The Crisis of Historical Subjectivity

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1. The Construction of Minjung

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pp. 23-69

“Only minjung is completely nationalistic, and only minjung is completely democratic. This is my conclusion upon reflecting on modern Korean history, which has gone through trial and error in search for...

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2. Anticommunism and North Korea

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pp. 70-108

In 1982, Mun Pusik was sentenced to death for his role in planning the arson of the U.S. Information Service (USIS) building in Busan to protest U.S. involvement in the suppression of the Gwangju Uprising. He accepted...

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3. Anti-Americanism and Chuch’e Sasang

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pp. 109-144

At the end of the 1980s, the well-known literary critic Kim Pyongik marveled at the intellectual and cognitive journey that he and the country collectively had taken in the 1980s...

Part II. Building a Counterpublic Sphere

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4. The Undongkwon as a Counterpublic Sphere

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pp. 147-186

As I discuss in the Introduction, one of the paradigmatic terms capturing the multiple aspirations and conflicting practices of the 1980s minjung movement was undongkwon. Denoting either an individual activist or the...

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5. Between Indeterminacy and Radical Critique: Madangguk, Ritual, and Protest

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pp. 187-212

The French Revolution is sometimes said to have started with the opening night of Pierre Beaumarchais’s Marriage of Figaro; audience cheers for the servant Figaro who stood up to and outwitted his depraved and lewd master...

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6. The Alliance between Labor and Intellectuals

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pp. 213-240

On July 6, 1986, the Choson Ilbo (Korea Daily) carried a one-sentence item at the bottom of its social page: A twenty-three-year-old woman student from Seoul National University named Kwon had sued a detective...

Part III. The Politics of Representation

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7. “To Be Reborn as Revolutionary Workers”: Gramscian Fusion and Leninist Vanguardism

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pp. 243-268

The intellectuals shifted their social identity in the 1980s in an effort to break down the societal division between themselves and workers, rather than lead in the manner of a Leninist vanguard. This identity shift was an...

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8. The Subject as the Subjected: Intellectuals and Workers in Labor Literature

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pp. 269-293

This chapter explores the literary representation of intellectuals and workers in short stories and novels known variously as labor literature (nodong munhak), class literature (kyegup munhak), or novels of labor...

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Conclusion: The Minjung Movement as History

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pp. 294-304

Lasting over three decades under ruthless suppression by the state, the minjung movement produced many martyrs and heroes who gave the movement its moral authority vis-à-vis society and the government. The minjung...

Bibliography

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pp. 305-338

Index

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pp. 339-349