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An 1860 English-Hopi Vocabulary Written in the Deseret Alphabet

Kenneth R. Beesley, Dirk Elzinga

Publication Year: 2015

In 1859 Brigham Young sent two Mormon missionaries to live among the Hopi, “reduce their dialect to a written language,” and then teach it to the Hopi so that they would be able to read the Book of Mormon in their own tongue. Young instructed the men to teach the Hopi to write in the Deseret Alphabet, a phonemic system that he was promoting in place of the traditional Latin alphabet. While the Deseret Alphabet faded out of use in just over twenty years, the manuscript penned in Deseret by one of the missionaries has remained in existence. For decades it sat unidentified in the Archives of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints in Salt Lake Citya mystery document having no title, author, or date. But authors Beesley and Elzinga have now traced the manuscript’s origin to the missionaries of 1859-60 and decoded its Hopi-English vocabulary written in the short-lived Deseret Alphabet. The resulting book offers a fascinating mix of linguistics, Mormon history, and Native American studies.
     The volume reproduces all 486 vocabulary entries of the original manuscript, presenting the Deseret and the modern English and Hopi translations. It explains the history of the Deseret Alphabet as well as that of the Mormon missions to the Hopi, while fleshing out the background of the two missionaries, Marion Jackson Shelton, who wrote the manuscript, and his companion, Thales Hastings Haskell. The book will be of interest to linguists, historians, ethnographers, and others who are curious about the unique combination of topics this work connects. 

Published by: University of Utah Press

Cover

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Half title, Title page, Copyright

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Table of Contents

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pp. v-vi

List of Figures

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p. vii

List of Tables

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p. viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

The 1860 English-Hopi vocabulary is reproduced by the kind permission of the Church Copyrights and Permissions Office, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is in the collection of the Church History Library, sometimes abbreviated here as the CHL. ...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 3-9

In the autumn of 1859, at the direction of Brigham Young, president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church, Mormon),1 Jacob Hamblin led a party of seven missionaries— Marion Jackson Shelton, Thales Hastings Haskell, James Pearce, Benjamin Knell, John W. Young, Taylor Crosby, ...

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2. Provenance

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pp. 10-49

The Deseret Alphabet was promoted by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and in particular by President Brigham Young, as a new writing system, what linguists call an orthography, for English. It was designed to replace the traditional English orthography based on Roman letters (see Figure 2.2). ...

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3. Hopi Language

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pp. 50-69

Hopi belongs to the Uto-Aztecan language family, which covers large portions of the western United States and neighboring Mexico. Besides Hopi, other well-known Uto-Aztecan languages include Nahuatl, Tarahumara, Yaqui, Ute, Paiute, Shoshone, and Comanche. ...

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4. The 1860 English-Hopi Vocabulary

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pp. 70-72

The entire 1860 English-Hopi vocabulary is reproduced in this book, comprising 486 original English-Hopi entries, plus transcriptions into the International Phonetic Alphabet and references to the words in modern Hopi dictionaries. ...

Appendix A: Hopi Locations

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pp. 73-76

Appendix B: Hopi People and Legends

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pp. 77-80

Format of the 1860 English-Hopi Vocabulary

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pp. 81-84

Text of the 1860 English-Hopi Vocabulary

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pp. 85-122

Index of English-Hopi Vocabulary Entries

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pp. 123-132

Notes

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pp. 133-146

Bibliography

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pp. 147-161


E-ISBN-13: 9781607813545
E-ISBN-10: 1607813548
Print-ISBN-13: 9781607813538
Print-ISBN-10: 160781353X

Illustrations: 14 figures, 1 map, 5 tables
Publication Year: 2015

OCLC Number: 966768991
MUSE Marc Record: Download for An 1860 English-Hopi Vocabulary Written in the Deseret Alphabet