Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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Notes on Transliteration System, Dates and Biographical Information

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pp. 7-8

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Acknowledgements

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pp. 9-10

I began this work in 1993 and, from the outset, I was lucky enough to rely on the invaluable collaboration of my friend and colleague Hamid Rezâ Bahârlu, who unfortunately died prematurely and whom I remember with...

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Introduction

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pp. 11-36

The texts presented here come from a little studied area of Persian literature consisting of poems that reflect critical attitudes (ranging from gentle irony to elaborate condemnation and even crude verbal aggression...

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1. Invective Poetry

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pp. 37-50

Such chastened restraint in this kind of composition is the exception rather than the rule. Realistic pictures and caricatures are often characterised by outrageous and obscene elements, such as scandalous descriptions of a...

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2. Satirical Poetry

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pp. 51-144

In this kind of compositions, the most common attitude towards patrons (sovereigns, princes, ministers, etc., whose names may or may not be mentioned) is that of disappointment and criticism for not having granted the...

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3. Burlesque Poetry

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pp. 145-164

Burlesque poetry is wide-ranging and embraces different kinds of humorous re-workings of serious poetry, in terms of form and/or content. We have already encountered features of this type in some of the...

Biographies of the Poets

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pp. 165-186

Glossary of Key Literary Terms

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pp. 187-190

Notes

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pp. 191-212

Bibliography

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pp. 213-220

Index of Names, Places and Works

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pp. 221-232