Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-x

This book was originally published in German in 1985, in somewhat different form. It grew out of and referred to a set of interrelated problems that during the 1970s were at the center of critical debate in Germany. Among the key terms were: reception of literature, history of reading, reading public, public sphere, and social history. Literary history as social...

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1. Introduction: The Institution of Literature

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pp. 1-43

This book is concerned neither with individual literary texts nor with the influence or reception of literary works. By traditional standards, therefore, it falls outside the field of literary studies. From the point of view of both hermeneutics and reception aesthetics, the problems 1 examine are "extraliterary"; they form...

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2. The Public Sphere

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pp. 44-74

The bourgeois revolution of 1848-49 is rightly considered to be one of the decisive turning points in the history of Germany and continental Europe. The outcome of the revolution, which confirmed the predominance of conservative, legitimist power in both Prussia and Austria, created the framework for further change...

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3. The Critique of the Liberal Public Sphere

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pp. 75-103

Hermann Baumgarten's work Der deutsche Liberalismus: Eine Selbstkritik (German Liberalism: A Self-Criticism) was first published in 1866 in the Preussische Jahrbücher but in the same year also went on the market as a separate book.1 Response to Baumgarten's thesis was varied and controversial. Heinrich von...

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4. The Institutionalization of Literature and Criticism

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pp. 104-139

Since the appearance of the seminal works of Georg Lukács, literary studies have accepted the failure of the bourgeois Revolution of 1848 as a decisive influence on the evolution of European and German literature. Using as examples the works of such authors as Heine, Keller, and Fontane in Germany and Balzac...

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5. Literary Tradition and the Poetic Canon

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pp. 140-173

It has been the traditional task of literary history to make the literature of the past accessible to the present by reconstructing its development. The authors, the works, and the various literatures of earlier epochs are to be presented in such a way that today's reader will understand the relation between past and contemporary...

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6. The Literary Canon of the Nachmärz

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pp. 174-200

What effect did the developmental scheme that gained acceptance through Dilthey have on the establishment of a canon? The incipient devaluation of the early Enlightenment and sensibility led to the suppression of two writers who had had a place in the liberal literary history of the Vormarz. Wieland...

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7. The Institutionalization of Literary History

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pp. 201-247

A critical history of Germanistik and literary criticism still exists only in fragments, in divergent approaches that show all too clearly the difficulties connected with this task.1 What would be the object of such a history? On what should the historian train his or her eye ? On the educational content of the discipline of literary studies ? On the theories and methods...

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8. Education, Schools, and Social Structure

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pp. 248-270

The study of the institution of literature cannot be restricted to the analysis of literary production and reception. The broader field of investigation must include the relationship of literature to other institutions, especially those with which it interacts. In the nineteenth century, the institution of education, including elementary schools as well as secondary...

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9. Culture for the People

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pp. 271-306

"The purity of bourgeois 'art, " Horkheimer and Adorno argue in Dialectic of Enlightenment, "which hypostatized itself as a world of freedom in contrast to what was happening in the material world, was from the beginning bought with the exclusion of the lower classes -- with whose cause, the real universality, art keeps faith precisely by its freedom...

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10. Epilogue: The Road to Industrial Culture

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pp. 307-352

The expression "industrial culture" was coined more than a century ago by Friedrich Nietzsche. In Die frohliche Wissenschaft (The Gay Science) he observed that "soldiers and leaders still have far better relationships with each other than workers and employers. So far at least, culture that...

Index

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pp. 353-361