Russian Poland, 1904 - 1907
Publication Year: 1995
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The revolution of 1905 in the Russian-ruled Kingdom of Poland marked the consolidation of major new influences on the political scene. As he examines the emergence of a mass political culture in Poland, Robert E. Blobaum offers the first history in any Western language of this watershed period. Drawing on extensive archival research to explore the history of Poland's revolutionary upheavals, Blobaum departs from traditional interpretations of these events as peripheral to an essentially Russian movement that reached a climax in the Russian Revolution of 1917. He demonstrates that, although Polish independence was not formally recognized until after World War I, the social and political conditions necessary for nationhood were established in the years around 1905.
Published by: Cornell University Press
Title Page, Copyright
This book, which is about dramatic change and transformation in a turbulent era of Polish history, was researched and written against the backdrop of an equally profound and revolutionary turn of events in contemporary Poland. Although the first conceptual seeds were planted in 1980 during work on an earlier book, I could not begin the present undertaking...
A Note on Dates, Names, and Sources
Historians of imperial Russia are well acquainted with the problems of dating before the Soviet regime ' s adoption of the Gregorian, or New Style, calendar, but in the case of the Kingdom of Poland, the matter is even more complex. Exclusive use of the Julian, or Old Style, calendar in Poland was confined mainly to internal correspondence and documents among state agencies. Proclamations...
Abbreviations and Acronyms
1. Russian State, Polish Society
The origins of the Revolution of 1 905 in Russian Poland can be traced back to developments in the final phase of an earlier but far different upheaval, the January Insurrection of 1 863- 1 864. As tsarist Russia suppressed this last of a series of challenges by the Polish nobility, or szlachta, to its hegemony in central Poland, it set in motion forces that were...
2. The Making of a Revolution, 1904
On Sunday morning, November 13, 1904, more than a thousand people crowded into the parish church of All Saints on Grzybowski Square in what was then the solidly working-class Zachodna district of Warsaw, a couple of blocks north of aleje Jerozolimskie (Jerusalem Boulevard). Some were there to attend the regularly scheduled Mass, others to participate in a political demonstration...
3. The Emergence of the Labor Movement
Beginning with Bloody Sunday, the infamous massacre of working-class demonstrators in St. Petersburg on January 22, industrial labor played an undeniably significant role in the Revolution of 1905 in European Russia. The outrage after Bloody Sunday, expressed in massive strikes and demonstrations throughout the empire, indeed became the spark that ignited Russia's subsequent...
4. The Revolution in the Countryside
In contrast to the revolt among urban industrial workers in 1905, with its point of departure clearly marked by the January-February general strike, it is far more difficult to pinpoint the outbreak of revolution in the Polish countryside. On the one hand, although a wave of agrarian strikes swept large areas of rural Poland in the spring of 1 905, farm workers were...
5. The Struggle over Education
Already on the eve of the Russo-Japanese War, students in the Kingdom' s institutions of higher and secondary education formed the most politicized social group in the country. Although divided by ideological differences, party sympathies, and ethnicity, students had been prepared by established traditions of self-organization and political...
6. The Transformation of Political Culture
Polish politics during the Revolution of 1905 has traditionally been presented as a conflict of competing ideologies, parties, and personalities that is, as political history. The struggle between nationalism and socialism (between realism and idealism, for a more contemporary cast of mind),1 between the National Democratic Party...
7. The Church and the Revolution
F or the Roman Catholic Church-the only traditional " Polish" institution to survive successive nineteenth-century insurrections and subsequent . waves of Russian repression-adjusting to the demands of the modern era and the new postrevolution political culture proved especially troublesome. With its independence compromised, its finances controlled, its practices...
8. The Impact of Martial Law
During the first ten months of 1905, the government responded to the various manifestations of upheaval in the Kingdom of Poland with both concessions and measures of repression. The carrot-and-stick approach, however, was the result not of a carefully considered policy but of inconsistent attitudes within the government about how best to deal with the crisis in the Polish...
Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 1995
OCLC Number: 622670237
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Rewolucja