Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

List of Illustrations and Tables

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

A book like this owes its greatest debt to the people who spoke to me, invited me into their homes, and shared their lives with me. Thanks to all in Zouping who did so. In China, I was greatly assisted by the Shandong Academy of Social Sciences, especially Li Shanfeng, Yao Dongfang, and Julie Zhai. At the Australian National University (ANU), I worked with several people...

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One. Recombinant Urbanization

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pp. 1-28

From 1988 to 2013 I regularly visited a place called Zouping in Shandong province, of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Zouping is the name of both an agricultural county and the urban area that is the county seat (map 1). Over these years, the county seat transformed from a relatively impoverished, sleepy town of thirty thousand people to a bustling city of more than...

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PART ONE. Transformations

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pp. 29-30

During the late 1980s, I did not really enjoy spending time in Zouping. My research was focused on a village about 20 kilometers north of the town. Each time I went to the village, I would have to spend a night in the county seat, as transportation was not as convenient as it is today. The town seemed less clean, less comfortable, and less hospitable...

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Two. Recombinant Planning

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pp. 31-65

In his classic book, Seeing Like a State (1998), James Scott offers a rather negative view of city planning. He shows that city plans and planned cities tend to be modeled on a gridlike pattern in order to make them legible and convenient to officials and outsiders rather than livable for insiders. He argues that regular street layouts and numbers make the population easier to...

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Three. Recombinant Production

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pp. 66-95

Understanding industrialization in Zouping over the past three decades requires grappling with many forms of recombination. Foremost among these is the oxymoronic category “local capital.” Capital is the most fi ckle, mobile, and asocial form of power. It moves around the world in search of ever greater rates of return, ready to disinvest in a particular locality at a...

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Four. Recombinant Consumption

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pp. 96-114

Consider the types of social transformations linked to what is commonly called the consumer revolution. First, as Walter Benjamin (1999) writes, the spread of shops, malls, and arcades creates new forms of public space and hence new dreamscapes or phantasmagoria.1 In Zouping these new types of public space have grown rapidly as the county seat...

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Five. Recombinant Phantasmagoria

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pp. 115-136

In his book Real Cities: Modernity, Space, and the Phantasmagorias of City Life (2005), Steve Pile argues that what is “real” about cities is their psychic effects on the people who inhabit them—the “structures of feeling” evoked by their ever-changing spaces, the fleeting and sometimes secretive emotion that well up in those who wander...

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PART TWO. Transformers Transformed

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pp. 137-140

The second part of this book examines the lives of the people who have come to live in Zouping and constitute its nearly sevenfold population growth since 2000. I divide them into five groups: married migrant blue-collar workers from nearby locales (inside the county or from nearby parts of neighboring counties); married migrant blue-collar workers from distant locales...

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Six. Between Farm and Factory: Migrant Workers from Nearby

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pp. 141-157

One important thread of the literature on modernization suggests that kinship ties simplify and become less important when social environments evolve from rural agricultural societies to urban industrial ones. “Traditional” Chinese kinship practice includes patrilineal reasoning (thinking kinship primarily in terms of agnatically related men and tracing kin relations over...

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Seven. Distant Homes or a New Life: Migrant Workers from Afar

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pp. 158-173

The situations and attitudes of migrant workers from distant locales were more diverse than those of the workers of local origin. Most of the distant migrants who worked at Wei Mian accepted temporary worker status, in part because fewer of them met the company’s criteria for contract workers and in part because they chose not to apply for contract worker status. None of...

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Eight. Villagers-in-the-City: Time for Community

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pp. 174-189

Former village farmers whose land was absorbed by the expanding city were usually among the wealthiest urbanites of the groups explored so far. The terms of land appropriation in Zouping have generally been quite good. Land-losing households receive annual payments equivalent to the value of the harvest at that year’s market rates for thirty years. In addition, the village...

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Nine. The Middle Classes in a Manufacturing Center

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pp. 190-205

Defining class always invites controversy. Marxists draw attention to economic relations, whereas Weberians emphasize status groups. Bourdieu (1984) examines practices of distinction. Emphasizing how distinctions are drawn, Amy Hanser (2008) depicts class and status in contemporary China as processes rather than static social categories. While I share Hanser’s...

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Ten. Youth between Factories and Services

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pp. 206-222

Consider the ways in which the social category of youth is itself a product of modernity. In Zouping’s villages a hundred years ago, though young people might have been taught various skills, there would have been little formal schooling for the majority. Given populations of a few hundred people in most villages, there would at most have been a handful of other children the...

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Eleven. Recombination Reconsidered

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pp. 223-236

In chapter 1, I suggest that several types of theories about modernity illuminated Zouping’s urbanization. These might be called classic modernization theory, which analyzes the societal transformations linked to industrialization and urbanization; second wave modernization theory, which emphasizes postindustrial social transformations (especially those related to globalization...

Notes

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pp. 237-244

References

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pp. 245-258

Index

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pp. 259-264