Front cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Foreword

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pp. ix-x

A good diary can bring back the dead with a power denied even the most gifted physician. Paul A. Kennedy was an exceptional surgeon, but it is his journal of three years at war in north Africa, italy, and western europe that resurrects an era now more than seventy years gone. The story he tells, day by day, is vivid, poignant, and often shocking. Kennedy is as committed to his comrades and to his country’s cause as any loyal soldier, yet the stark authenticity of his narrative makes this among the most compelling antiwar accounts of World War ii....

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Preface

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pp. xi-xvi

On november 2, 1942, my father, Paul Andrew Kennedy, sailed out of new York Harbor on the Santa Elena. Bound for Casablanca, the Santa Elena was part of the Western Task force of operation Torch, the massive Allied invasion of north Africa. He didn’t know this when he embarked. He said good-bye to my mother at the gates of Camp Kilmer, new Jersey, on october 31, wondering “where and why and home and then you, Marion.” forty-eight hours out of new York, their destination and mission were revealed to them....

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Editor’s Note

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pp. xvii-xviii

Among the challenges of producing this book, perhaps the most dif cult lay in nding the best way to integrate three disparate sources—diaries, medical journals, and photographs—into a uni ed, coherent narrative. The medical records meticulously detail 355 surgical procedures and include drawings of wounds as well as letters of gratitude from recov- ering soldiers. There are almost two thousand photographic negatives which, fortunately, my father carefully labeled. And there are the diaries themselves, originally in three volumes, one for each year of his service....

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Introduction: The Development of the Field Hospital in the Mediterranean Theater

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pp. 1-10

World War II shouldn’t have surprised the United States—or the US Army—when it literally dropped out of the Hawaiian sky in December 1941. After all, it had been going on for two years by then. Nonetheless , if the arrival of war wasn’t precisely a surprise, it certainly caught the nation—and the military—unprepared. This was particularly true of the Medical Department of the US Army: “American Military Medicine...

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1 Operation Torch and North Africa

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pp. 11-56

Should have started this sooner but at least started before leaving this country. Left Marion yesterday at 8:45 a.m. Please, God, bring me home safely to her and the kids—no matter the time. No idea as to our destination. Drew East India in the pool today but that is not the spot—I hope. Had final physical today. Weather good. T 50. Southerners wearing overcoats....

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2 Southern Italy and Monte Cassino

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pp. 57-104

Water is turned on at 6:30 so Weiss bounces out, washes, fills all canteens , helmets, and draws a basin of water for me—before it’s turned off again at 7:00 a.m. We’re still in Oran—little bit of loading going on all day and now we’re all set to go. Rumor has it that we’ll sail sometime during the night. Saw minesweepers go out this evening, which suggested that we’re about to move. Little of anything to do—nice officers’ lounge but of course is very crowded. Played bridge most of this afternoon— think I’m improving. Radio reports much improved and suggest that tide is turning. Story goes that original plans called for easy occupation of area around and south of Naples...

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3 Anzio and Rome

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pp. 105-128

Got our call at 10:30 this morning. We’re off to Anzio tomorrow— assigned to the 11th Evac. According to the boys who have returned from there, it’s a pretty good deal.
I want to have this experience but as I desire it, it’s only that I want it behind me. I would never ask for such a mission. So much can happen . But like everyone else I feel that it can’t happen to me. It can’t really because I have too much to live for....

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4 Operation Dragoon and the Pursuit up the Valley of the Rhone

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pp. 129-206

Mail would be scarce at a time like this! There are probably a thousand things I should say—should write—but better to be an optimist, I believe. (I’m sure everything will come out all right.) Repacked my stuff for the tenth time today, trying to fit too much into too little space. Rolled all my bulk film and fixed it in a waterproof package just in case we get dunked. Seems somebody in the outfit talked too much about this procedure to someone in an official capacity, so this evening we were all firmly warned about keeping our mouths shut....

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5 Germany, the End of the War, and the Journey Home

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pp. 207-236

No new cases—we change shifts today and we get the day shift, which is good. I can’t get any real sleep in the daytime. Walked down to the bridge over the Saar today and took some pictures, then went on over into Germany.
The little town just on the other side of the river is badly torn up. Talked with a C.I.C. [Counter Intelligence Corps] officer today who was in Sarrbrucken when it fell—or just after—and he said the G.I.s went wild—put people out of their homes, looted places, and destroyed property and just had a wild destructive time. Germany, I’m afraid, is going to take a terrible physical beating. We’re up for a move very shortly. The 3rd Unit went 80 miles into Germany yesterday....

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Epilogue

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pp. 237-238

Get out he did—and went on to a long and successful career in private practice, first on his own in Buffalo and then in partnership with his Second Aux colleague Gordon Madding in the San Francisco Bay Area. The move to California was precipitated in part by the fact that my father’s solo practice in Buffalo was too successful. He was no less dedicated to his private patients than he had been to soldiers on the battlefields of western Europe. Consequently, he was out of the house early and back late virtually every day. While satisfying, private practice also proved to be exhausting and stressful. Partnership with Gordon Madding offered relief. In fact, my mother believed that the move would add ten years to his life....

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Afterword

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pp. 239-242

When Chris Kennedy asked me to read the manuscript of his father’s World War II diary and then to write an afterword for it, I was reminded of the many great contributions that surgeons like Dr. Paul A. Kennedy made to the US Army during World War II. Their almost unceasing and prodigious efforts in the often dangerous and usually harsh conditions at the army’s frontline medical facilities were crucial to saving the lives of thousands of seriously wounded and injured American and enemy soldiers and returning them to their families and useful lives....

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 243-244

You could say that this book was seventy years in the writing, from the day of my father’s final diary entry until its publication more than twenty years after his death. My own small part in it, in fact, didn’t begin until after he died, when my mother shared with me his diaries and medical journals, of which I had been unaware up to that point. So my first thanks are to her—now more than ten years in the grave alongside my father—who not only started me on this project but made the first pass...

Notes

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pp. 245-248

Medical Glossary

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pp. 249-254

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 255-256

Index

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pp. 257-270