Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

The idea of this volume began at a conference on “Identity and Community after the Cold War Era,” held in August 2011 at the University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. The conference brought together a broad array of scholars from many disciplines to examine the legacy...

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Preface

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pp. xi-xvi

Area studies combine the multidisciplinary teaching and research about a particular area of the world with intensive study to attain a high level of proficiency of at least one area language. Our book, Area Studies in the Global Age: Community, Place, Identity, offers an introduction to contemporary area studies for students...

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Introduction: Area Studies after Several “Turns”

Edith W. Clowes, Shelly Jarrett Bromberg

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pp. 1-12

In the light of world events of the early twenty-first century these words by economist Joseph Stiglitz sound mild but still prescient. Embedded in them is the warning that despite the much-heralded promise of the new democratization and globalization of the 1990s, many countries and peoples in the new century...

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Part I: Reclaiming the National Narrative: Authority and Liminal Identities

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pp. 13-16

In the early twenty-first century, countries across the world are encountering complications following from the jubilant democratizing processes of the late twentieth century. The first part of Area Studies in the Global Age treats states and cultures in which those in power claimed to have defeated...

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Understanding Taiwan’s Colonial Past: Using History to Define Taiwan’s 21st-Century Identity

J. Megan Greene

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pp. 17-33

The 1945 return of Taiwan to the government of the Republic of China (ROC), a government and a nation that had not existed when the Qing Dynasty lost Taiwan to Japan following the Sino-Japanese War in 1895, signaled the conclusion of an embarrassing period in China’s history, a period...

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Patriot or Saint? The Resurrection of a Soviet Hero and Post-Soviet Identity

Adrienne M. Harris

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pp. 34-52

For centuries, Russians have struggled to define their collective identity, debated what unites the inhabitants of Russia, and repeatedly reevaluated their Russianness.1 Between 1917 and 1991, Russians belonged to a larger community, the Soviet Union, and policymakers and propagandists...

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History and Memory in an African Context: A Case Study of Robben Island

Elizabeth MacGonagle

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pp. 53-64

We all engage in memory work, but history—that is, our understandings and interpretations of it—plays a central role in framing acts of remembering. My interest in Africa’s past has led me to consider the tension between history and memory on the African continent and in the Diaspora. History and memory both matter for identities and...

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“Ten Million Trujillos Is All We Are”: Dominican Identity beyond the Trujillato

Shelly Jarrett Bromberg

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pp. 65-84

In the final pages of the Pulitzer Prize–winning novel The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao (2007), Oscar’s sister, Lola, as she is leaving the Dominican Republic for what she expects to be the last time, stoically concludes, “Ten million Trujillos is all we are.”1 This idea that the legacy of dictator Rafael Trujillo...

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Part II: Borders Within: Regional Communities and Resistant Identities

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pp. 85-87

This segment of Area Studies in the Global Age focuses on borders, place, and community-building and -destruction inside two of the world’s economic powers, China and Russia.1 Although only partly linked to trends of democratization since 1990, both are closely tied to the global economy and processes of globalization...

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Urbanization and Urban Villagers: Institutional Factors and Social Identity in Urban China

Dan Chen, John James Kennedy

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pp. 88-107

Social identity defines how people perceive themselves based on their group membership.1 Similar place, religion, and ethnicity can play an important role in shaping community membership and perception of self. Indeed, the physical environment has a significant influence on social...

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Place, Scale, and Self-Reliance: Issues of Identity and Community in Contemporary Siberia

Edith W. Clowes

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pp. 108-120

From the standard point of view of a European Russian, the stereotypical Siberian is a simple but good kind of person. Siberians’ canonical resilience and good will have been forged by geo-meteorological conditions—bone- chilling cold and vast, unforgiving terrain. To quote Petr Pridius...

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The Post-Soviet North Caucasus: Factors of Contemporary Ethno-National Identity and Community

Austen Thelen

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pp. 121-138

The goal of this chapter is to examine concepts of collective ethnonational identity among young adults in the North Caucasus, focusing on issues of place and territory, in order to understand how identity is constructed in the communities inhabiting two of the region’s federal territories...

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Part III: Civil Society and Its Discontents: Freedom of Religion, Human Rights, and Free Speech

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pp. 139-142

Over the last twenty-five years, the processes of globalization and democratization have diminished the lives of many of the world’s poorest people instead of fostering real economic opportunity and legal well-being among the world’s populations. As Nobel Prize–winning...

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The Multiple Faces of Islamic Rebirthin Central Asia

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

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pp. 143-158

In the years preceding the breakup of the USSR, the Central Asian republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan experienced a revival of Islam. Variously labeled as “re-Islamicization,” “Islamic renaissance,” and “secondary Islamicization,” the process accelerated...

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Solidarity, Human Rights, and the Poeticsof Connection: Articulating Community in Bertolt Brecht’s Mother Courage and Her Children and Lynn Nottage’s Ruined

Marike Janzen

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pp. 159-177

At the end of the Cold War, a human rights framework that articulates an ideal of one-to-one connection between individuals largely replaced solidarity as a model of human community. A poetic shift that I claim resulted in a loss of reflexivity about the way that individuals’ historical...

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The Art of Making Community: Lia Perjovschi’s CAA/CAA (Contemporary Art Archive/ Center for Art Analysis) and the Knowledge Museum

Corina L. Apostol

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pp. 178-194

In the context of post-1989 Eastern Europe, “self-historicization” has emerged as a powerful artistic strategy.1 Self-historicization can be conceptualized as an artistic means to repossess the historical past that was censored or discarded before 1989, while putting forth a reexamined artistic...

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Street Art contra Police Abuse: Exposing Police Power in Post-Soviet Russia

Patrick Callen

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pp. 195-214

As a medium, art carries with it a great deal of symbolic force and authority. Artists reflect upon and re-create the world around them, placing it in front of the public to elicit a personal response. What response does art elicit when it leaves its traditional habitats...

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Part IV: Legacies of Empire and Shifting

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pp. 215-217

For at least fifty years researchers have asked why democratic reform of authoritarian regimes often fails, citing among the major reasons for weak reform the powerful “socioeconomic, institutional, and cultural legacies of authoritarianism.”1 To authoritarianism the authors...

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Community, Identity, and Space in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Sarah L. Smiley

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pp. 218-239

Geographers recognize that places have multiple meanings. What one person views as a safe place may be a place of fear to another, and what one person views as comfortable may be uncomfortable to another.1 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, is no exception. The various communities...

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The United States Confronts a New LatinAmerican Community after the Cold War

Walt Vanderbush

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pp. 240-255

The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) held its initial summit on December 2–3, 2011, in Caracas, Venezuela. The explicit goal of the grouping was to strengthen the relationships among countries of the Caribbean and Latin America separate from the influence of the United States...

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Ozbekchilik as an Ethno-Symbolist Construct: Articulating the Ethnie in Uzbekistan

Reuel R. Hanks

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pp. 256-267

Identity at any level is never “established” in the sense of permanency— there is no such thing as a “stable,” meaning immutable, identity. While some components of identity may be consistent over time, and their form and function may remain fairly constant, the concept of identity is frequently...

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Afterword: Creating a Community of Area Studies in a Changing World

Ayse Zarakol

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pp. 268-276

What you have read is an unusual volume. There cannot be many edited books that contain essays on countries as varied as Uzbekistan, Tanzania, Romania, the Dominican Republic, Taiwan, Russia, and South Africa, as well as regions separated by so much distance, such as Siberia...

Annotated Bibliography

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pp. 277-284

Contributors

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pp. 285-288

Index

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pp. 289-298