Cover

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Title page, Series page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

I have been fortunate to be associated with Penn State University since the late 1960s, when I took a position in sport history with its top-rated Physical Education Department. After my retirement in 1996, it has remained the highest rated Kinesiology Department in the nation, if not the world. I have seen the Penn...

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Sifting and Winnowing

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pp. xi-xii

Early in the summer of 1960 after teaching two years of high school history, I drove to Madison, Wisconsin, home of the University of Wisconsin, carrying with me my transcript from Northwestern University, where I had recently graduated. I came to ask for admittance into master’s degree program in the Department of...

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Prologue

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pp. xiii-xiv

“Is this opening of Pandora’s box?” asked Penn State’s senior vice president for Business and Finance Gary Schultz when informed of the first allegation that Jerry Sandusky had sexually molested a young boy from Sandusky’s Second Mile foundation. Several thousand years before, when Pandora, the first woman in...

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1. Life in Happy Valley: The Name and the Paterno Impact

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pp. 1-11

In small-town America with a big-time football team, life can be different from life for other folks across the nation. When I interviewed for a position in sport history at Penn State in early April 1968, I came away with an idealized view of Happy Valley. Spring had arrived, the flowers were out as was the sun, it was...

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2. Penn State Presidents: Cheerleading the Teams to Victory

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pp. 12-23

At Penn State, “It was an uneven contest between the quest for intercollegiate success and the desire to maintain institutional integrity.”¹ Wise beyond his age, a Penn State alum and 1990s graduate student, Scott Etter, typed the comment as he concluded writing his dissertation about the early Penn State administration...

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3. A Joe Paterno–Jerry Sandusky Connection: A Look at Penn State Coaches and Assistant Coaches

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pp. 24-34

By the time Penn State and its coach Joe Paterno won its first national championship in football after the 1982 season, Penn State previously had twelve undefeated seasons dating back a century. But the national championships for Penn State in 1982 and 1986 cemented the legacy of Joe Paterno above all former coaches...

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4. Alumni and Taking Control of Penn State Athletics

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pp. 35-42

“For the Glory,” begins the Penn State Alma Mater, words composed in 1901 by Fred Lewis Pattee, professor of literature, whose name is immortalized on the Penn State library building alongside its addition, immortalized in its own right as the Paterno Library. A century plus a dozen years after the Alma Mater was...

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5. Hugo Bezdek’s Saga—Alumni, Trustees, and Presidents

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pp. 43-52

One can argue that the two most significant football coaches in Penn State’s history have been Joe Paterno and Hugo Bezdek. The two had a number of similarities. Both were outsiders from private universities; Bezdek from the University of Chicago and Paterno from Brown University. Each was a star on his collegiate...

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6. The Great Experiment That Failed: Alumnus Casey Jones, President Hetzel, and Coach Bob Higgins

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pp. 53-63

There were two prominent “Experiments” in Penn State’s athletic history, the Great Experiment and the Grand Experiment. They should not be confused. The best known is the Grand Experiment articulated by Joe Paterno shortly after becoming head coach of football in 1966. In short, it was an effort in big-time football to...

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7. The Ernie McCoy–Rip Engle Era and the Beginning of the Grand Experiment in College Football

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pp. 64-74

By the conclusion of World War II, the Great Experiment of the 1930s was a failure, and the Grand Experiment was soon to follow. The Great Experiment failed under President Ralph Dorn Hetzel because underground subsidization by alumnus Casey Jones and others was undermining the concept of amateur sport...

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8. The Joe Paterno, Steve Garban, John Oswald Coup d’État

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pp. 75-88

Two years before Joe Paterno’s team won Penn State’s first national football championship, a half-century tradition of athletic control under an academic dean was quietly buried. This covert and academically disturbing coup d’état of athletic control significantly isolated Penn State athletics away from any watchful eye...

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9. President Bryce Jordan and Penn State’s Entry into the Big Ten

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pp. 89-99

The new tradition of Penn State presidents changing policy without Board of Trustees involvement, as in the 1980 athletic control coup d’état, continued one decade later as Penn State made a dramatic move into the prestigious Big Ten Conference. Previous Penn State presidents had not ignored the Board of Trustees...

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10. The Image of Joe Paterno’s Grand Experiment

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pp. 100-111

Well before Penn State’s entry into the Big Ten and in the midst of World War II, a year before the last gasp Nazi Battle of the Bulge and the year the Allies invaded Italy below Rome, a Roman Catholic Jesuit priest and high school teacher at Brooklyn Preparatory High School asked a bright, seventeen-year-old Joe Paterno...

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11. Shaping Reality: Saving Joe Paterno’s Legacy

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pp. 112-126

With or without entry into the Big Ten, for many the legacy of Joe Paterno had been created by the 1970s and 1980s. Events in the 1990s and early twenty-first century would affect that legacy in Happy Valley and across the nation. Nevertheless, contradictions defined the character of the man who gave the face to Penn...

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12. Insularity, The Second Mile, and Sandusky’s On-Campus Incidents

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pp. 127-139

From the late 1970s, when Joe Paterno was picked to replace Ed Czekaj as athletic director and athletics were soon to be taken out of an academic unit of the university, athletics and especially football moved to isolate themselves further than previously from any academic control. Athletics were isolated both physically...

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13. Rene Portland and the Culture of Athletic Silence

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pp. 140-149

The culture of silence was no clearer in the athletic administration and at Penn State University than the case of the Penn State women’s basketball coach Rene Portland from 1980 to 2007. Women’s athletics seemingly had less need for a culture of silence, since women’s athletics were not widely visible after being...

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14. The Board of Trustees, Insularity, and Athletic Administration

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pp. 150-160

Before Graham Spanier was chosen president of Penn State in the mid-1990s, a long-time president of George Washington University, Stephen Joel Trachtenberg, told a Penn State professor that he unfortunately could not pursue the Penn State presidency at that time because it was widely known, and to Trachtenberg...

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15. Paterno, Spanier, Schultz, Curley, and the Penn State Pandora’s Box

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pp. 161-172

Pandora’s box in Happy Valley was indeed opened and with it a release of the evils of a child sexual predator laid upon the valley and far beyond. The original Pandora’s box, the creation of the ancient Greek gods, specifically the supreme god Zeus, contained all the evils of the world. When Pandora turned the afflictions...

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16. From the Grand Jury to Beyond the NCAA Consent Decree

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pp. 173-184

There did not appear to be hope in Happy Valley and beyond after November 4, 2011, when the grand jury presentment was officially released. There were multiple charges against Jerry Sandusky. Two Penn State administrators, Gary Schultz and Tim Curley, were charged with perjury and covering up Sandusky’s...

Timeline

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pp. 185-198

Notes

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pp. 199-248

Index

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pp. 249-264

Photos

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