# Husserl and the Sciences

Selected Perspectives

Publication Year: 2004

Published by: University of Ottawa Press

Series: Philosophica

#### Cover

#### Frontmatter

#### Introduction

The founder of the phenomenological movement, Edmund
Husserl (1859-1938), lived through a dynamic time for the sciences.
^{1} Not only were there major developments in mathematics and physics, but some of the greatest practitioners of these discplines
were pursuing foundational questions with an unprecedented
depth and rigour. Although Husserl did not ...

#### PART I: PHENOMENOLOGY, EPISTEMOLOGY, AND THE SCIENCES

#### Chapter 1 Edmund Husserl and the History of Classical Foundationalism

According to many present-day epistemologists, the justification of scientific theories is relative in at least two respects. Whether a specific theory is justified at time *t* depends both upon the set E of empirical data available at *t*, and upon the set R of rival theories which are considered by the relevant scientific community
at that time. Indeed, ...

#### Chapter 2 What Is Wrong with Naturalizing Epistemology? A Phenomenologist's Reply

In recent philosophical disputes the odds are on the naturalist's side. Despite regular complaints about the ambiguity of the term 'naturalism,' there exists a tacit agreement among scientists and a growing group of philosophers that defending some version of naturalism is the only tenable position. I shall not discuss the prospects of naturalism in general; rather, I shall criticize the idea...

#### Chapter 3 *Erl*

Husserl, a trained mathematician, just like Frege and Bolzano, and student of two of the most notable scholars of that field, Kronecker and Weierstrass, had first-hand knowledge of his contemporaries' scientific work. Although his contribution to mathematics as such remains modest, one would be wrong to minimize the importance of formal and natural sciences within Husserl's philosophical itinerary. For instance, ...

#### PART II: PHENOMENOLOGY, MATHEMATICS, AND PHYSICS

#### Chapter 4 Husserl and Hilbert on Geometry

Anyone who attempts to compare Husserl's and Hilbert's approach
to geometry faces an almost insurmountable difficulty.
Whereas Hilbert, over a period of more than ten years, worked
out a systematic and detailed presentation of geometry which
was published in his book Grundlagen der Geometric, there is
nothing comparable in Husserl's work.^{1} All that we find in
Husserl's ...

#### Chapter 5 Husserl and the Theory of Multiplicities *"Mannigfaltikeitslehre"*

Husserl's idea of a general theory of deductive systems was
motivated by the mathematical theory of multiplicities. Husserl
mentions the names of Riemann and Grassmann as the originators
of the concept of multiplicity and he adds the names of Lie,
Hamilton, and Cantor.^{1} However, ...

#### Chapter 6 Husserl's Legacy in the Philosophy of Mathematics: From Realism to Predicativism

The list of mathematicians and philosophers of mathematics who
claimed to have been influenced by Husserl is rather impressive.
It includes Weyl, who successively claimed that his own
predicativist programme in his 1918 book *The Continuum*, and a
few years later, the intuitionism of Brouwer that he espoused at
that stage were to be linked, as far as epistemology is concerned,
to Husserlian phenomenology. In the ...

#### Chapter 7 Husserl and Weyl: Phenomenology, Mathematics, and Physics

In the early years of the twentieth century, Edmund Husserl and
Hermann Weyl exchanged a number of letters on the foundations
of mathematics and science.^{1} On 10 April 1918, Husserl
writes that reading Weyl's *The Continuum* was a meaningful event
since he himself had been on a "similar path" for many years.^{2}
The following comment ...

#### Chapter 8 Herman Weyl's Later Philosophical Views: His Divergence from Husserl

In what seems to have been his last paper, *>Insight and Reflection *(1954), Hermann Weyl provides an illuminating sketch of his intellectual development, and describes the principal influences - scientific and philosophical - exerted on him in the course ofhis career as a mathematician. Of the latter the most important in the earlier stages was Husserl's phenomenology. In Weyl's work of 1918-22 we find much evidence of the great influence Husserl's ...

#### PART III: PHENOMENOLOGY, THE SCIENCES, AND COMMUNITY

#### Chapter 9 From the Lifeworld to the Exact Sciences and Back

Ever since the rise of the modern exact sciences, it has become more and more clear that the scientific mind is not bound by an exhaustive understanding of its own doings. The fact is that, while discovering the inner structure or the nexus of relations pertaining to an object, science ignores the paths that led to this structure or these relations; but these paths ...

#### Chapter 10 Husserl on the Communal Praxis of Science

It is well known that for a long period within the phenomenological
tradition itself, there was a tendency to view the *Crisis*-texts
of Husserl's last years as marking a radical shift in his
thought. Major figures such as Gadamer and Merleau-Ponty^{1} are
well-known exponents of this view, and even circumspect and
insightful subsequent scholars such as Carr tend to stress the
novelty, for example, of the infusion of history into Husserl's
later philosophy^{2} Some treat this 'novelty' as ...

E-ISBN-13: 9780776616117

E-ISBN-10: 0776616110

Print-ISBN-13: 9780776630267

Print-ISBN-10: 0776630261

Page Count: 150

Publication Year: 2004

Series Title: Philosophica

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