Cover

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Frontmatter

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Table of Contents

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Introduction

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pp. 1-4

The papers in this volume derive from talks and presentations delivered to live audiences of fellow academic philosophers, academic non-philosophers, students, and others. All were given in the period 1998-2004, in settings such as Auckland (New Zealand), Detroit, Las Vegas, Vancouver, Winnipeg, and...

HUMAN NATURE

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The Mirror's Reflections and the Clockwork Behind Our Smiles: Human Nature, Agency, Spirit, and Mechanism

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pp. 7-29

We are told that during a very critical period in his early adult life, and possibly-the evidence is a bit oblique — during almost the whole of his later adult years, William James was preoccupied, sometimes obsessively and even morbidly preoccupied, by the problem of free will and determinism. It was for him...

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What Is Human Nature?

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pp. 31-41

Let me begin by noting that the question I am asked to address appears to presuppose that there is such a thing as human nature. The account of Otterbein's Integrative Studies Program in the college catalogue I was kindly sent also clearly makes this assumption, with its frequent references to human nature...

METAPHYSICS AND NATURALISM

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Metaphysics and its Critics

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pp. 45-72

"Metaphysics," F. H. Bradley remarked in a famous passage, "is the finding of bad reasons for what we believe upon instinct."

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Metaphysics as First Science

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pp. 73-86

This paper is intended to advertise and promote a conception of metaphysics that I believe many besides myself share, but that I think is not made as self-consciously explicit as it deserves to be. An earlier book of mine sets out and seeks to exemplify this conception. So I suppose I am also meaning...

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The Concept of Naturalism: Some Complications

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pp. 87-111

We find in Thomas Hardy Leahey's widely used textbook A History of Modern Psychology

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Naturalism and the Normative

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pp. 113-132

One of the deepest and most intractable problems of philosophy is this: what is the place of humanity within nature? What, at the most fundamental level, is the relationship between human beings and the rest of the animal and vegetable "kingdoms" and the wider, larger domain of inanimate objects and...

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

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Science and the History of Analytic Philosophy

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pp. 135-160

I think that at its most general and comprehensive level, this chapter means to be a contribution to the attempt to define analytic philosophy; to provide, if you will, the essence of this particular historically and culturally located variety of philosophy. Providing such a definition or essence...

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Contingency in Early Modern Philosophy

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pp. 161-168

We nowadays generally distinguish between what is called (variously) alethic or logical or conceptual or metaphysical modality—necessity, contingency, possibility — and what is called (also variously) causal or natural or physical modality. (The first of these two large categories will have, for most...

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Charles W. Hendel and Hume: A Review and Reconsideration

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pp. 169-177

It is in many ways quite salutary to explore the secondary literature on a major philosophical thinker that was done in a significantly earlier time. This is superbly illustrated with the exploration of Hume scholarship of the 1920s and 1930s. As readers will be aware, the Hume literature is immense, and growing...

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The Singularity of the Scientific Revolution: Fred Wilson's Defence of the Early Modern Achievement in Philosophy and the Sciences

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pp. 179-195

Fred Wilson's award-winning book The Logic and Methodology of Science in Early Modern Thought takes an important place both in intellectual history and in the continuing analysis of fundamental canons of investigating the world. Wilson's achievement in this volume consists in restating, indeed, reinstating, the...

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Enlightenment, the Philosophers, and Race: Some Reconsiderations

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pp. 197-223

Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze's useful and instructive (even if not always satisfactorily scholarly) collection Race and the Enlightenment

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Kant, Christianity, and a Kingdom of Ends

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pp. 225-256

It may seem an odd enterprise (even, perhaps, for some, a coldblooded or cruel one) for an atheist naturalist to attempt, as a philosophical exercise or endeavour, to set out what seems to him the most intelligent version of Christianity. It may also seem quite pointless —why bother? Or else to express unresolved...

HOMERIC TOPICS

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Philosophical Reflections on Homer

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pp. 259-279

Philosophers, at least in my experience, have been distinctive often for having major secondary passions in their lives that are at some distance from what they do professionally and academically as philosophers. I am not referring to features of philosophical emotional and domestic lives. In respect...

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Tradition, History, and Oral Memory in Early Greek Epic

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pp. 281-303

Barry B. Powell, Halls-Bascom Professor of Classics at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, has just brought out a new study of Homer, called Homer, in Blackwell's Introductions to the Classical World series.

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The Other Odysseus, the False Troy, and Oral Tradition

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pp. 305-323

In this chapter, I want to explore some elements of the Trojan War story as it developed in the period subsequent to the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey, notably in the Cypria. The Cypria was the lengthiest of the six post-Homeric epic poems that were later grouped together as the Trojan War part of the...

Bibliography

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pp. 325-330

Index

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pp. 331-336