Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-xii

A bu-al-Mundhir Hishām ibn-Muhammad ibn-al-Sā'ib ibn- ABishr al-Kalbi, better known as ibn-al-Kalbi (d. A.H. 206 / A.D. 821-822),1 was a member of a distinguished family of scholars residing...

Contents

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pp. xiii-xiv

The Book of Idols

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Introduction

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pp. 3-7

In the name of God the Merciful, the Compassionate. I1 was told by al-Shaykh abu-al-Husayn al-Mubarak ibn-Ahmad al-Sayrafi,2 from whom I received the recension, that, in the year...

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Isaf and Na'ilah

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p. 8

Abu-al-Mundhir Hisham ibn-Muhammad said: Al-Kalbi1 related on the authority of abu-Salih2 who, in turn, related on the authority of ibn-'Abbas,8 that Isaf and Na'ilah...

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Suwac

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pp. 8-9

The Hudhayl adopted Suwa'1 [as their god] and placed it in Ruhat2 in the vicinity of Yanbu',3one of the villages / of Medina. The custodians [of its temple] were the...

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Wadd

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p. 10

The Kalb1 adopted Wadd2 [as their god. That was...

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Yaghuth

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p. 10

The Madhhij1 as well as the people of Jurash2 adopted Yaghuth3 [as their god]. Said the...

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Ya'uq

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p. 11

The Khaywan1 adopted Ya'uq2 as their god. It was placed in a village of theirs called Khaywan,3 at a distance of two nights' journey towards Mecca. I have not heard of the...

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Nasr

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p. 11

The Himyar adopted Nasr1 as their god, and worshipped it in a place called Balkha'.2 I have not, however, heard of the Himyar naming any of their members...

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Ri'am

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pp. 11-12

The Himyar had also another temple (bayt) in San'a'. It was called Ri'am;1 the people venerated it and offered...

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Manah

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pp. 13-15

The most ancient of all these idols was Manah.1 The Arabs used to name [their children] 'Abd-Manah2 and Zayd- Manah.3 Manah was erected on the seashore in the vicinity of...

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Allat

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pp. 16-17

They then adopted Allat1 as their goddess. Allat stood in al-Ta'if,2 and was more recent than Manāh. She was a cubic3 rock beside which a certain Jew used to prepare...

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Al-'Uzza

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pp. 18-31

They then adopted al-'Uzza1 as their goddess. She is, in point of time, more recent than either Allat or Manāh, since I have heard that the Arabs named...

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Dhu-al-Khalasah

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pp. 32-35

Among those idols, too, was dhu-al-Khalasah.1 It was a carved piece of white quartz with something in the form of...

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Sa'd

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p. 36

The Malik1 and the Milkan,2 the two sons of Kinanah,3 had at the coast of Juddah4 [or somewhere] in that region,5 an idol called Sa'd.6 It was a long rock. Once upon a time a...

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Dhu-al-Kaflfayn

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pp. 36-37

The Daws, more specifically the banu-Munhib ibn-Daws,1 had an idol called dhu-al-Kaffayn2 (he of the two...

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Dhu-al-Shara

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p. 38

The banu-al-Harith ibn-Yashkur ibn-Mubashshir1 of the Azd [tribe] had an idol called...

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Al-Uqaysir

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pp. 38-39

The Quda'ah,1 the Lakhm,2the Judham,3 the 'Amilah,4 and the Ghatafan5 had, in the hills of Syria, an idol called...

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Nuhm

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pp. 40-41

The Muzaynah1 had an idol called Nuhm.2 They used to name their children 'Abd-Nuhm, after it. The custodian of Nuhm was called...

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'A'im

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p. 42

The Azd of al-Sarāh had an idol called 'A'im.1 Of it Zayd al-Khayr, who is the same as...

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Su'ayr

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pp. 42-44

The 'Anazah1 had an idol called Su'ayr.2 Ja'far ibn-abi Khallas al-Kalbi3 set out one day on his camel and happened...

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'Amm-Anas

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pp. 45-46

The Khawlan1 had in the land of Khawlan2 an idol called 'Amm-Anas.3 They were wont to set apart a portion of their livestock property and land products...

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The Ka'bah of Najran

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pp. 47-48

The banu-al-Harith ibn-Ka'b1 had in Najran2 a Ka'bah3 which they venerated. It is the one which al-A'sha4 mentions...

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The Kacbah of Sindad

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pp. 49-50

The Iyad1 had another Ka'bah in Sindad,2 [located] in a region between al-Kufah3 and al-Basrah.4 It is the one which al-Aswad ibn-Ya'fur5 mentions...

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Al-Qalis

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pp. 51-62

Abrahah al-Ashram1 had built in San'a,2 a church which he called al-Qalis.3 He built it of marble and employed in the construction the best of gilded...

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Al-Fals

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pp. 63-65

I was told by al-'Anazi abu-'Ali on the authority of 'Ali ibn-al-Sabbah that Hisham ibn-Muhammad abu-al-Mundhir once related: I was told by...

Supplement

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Al-Ya'bub

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p. 66

Al-Ya-bub1 is the idol of the Jadilah2 of the Tayyi'. Previously they had a different idol; but the banu-Asad3 took it away from them. Consequently...

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Bajar

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p. 66

According to ibn-Durayd1 Bajar2 was an idol which the Azd as well as such neighboring tribes of the Tayyi' and the...

Index

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pp. 67-71