Cover

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Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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Foreword

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pp. 5-7

I have been waiting for a book like Bovids of the World to be published since I was in seventh grade. In my science class that year, we were given the assignment of creating an identification key for 20 closely related animals. Having just completed a report on rumination, I naturally chose ruminants. (“Will you be able to find enough species for this assignment?” worried my teacher.) My childhood animal encyclopedia readily yielded 20 species, and although they were all interesting, the ones with...

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Acknowledgements

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p. 7

First, I would like to thank my wife, Beatriz, who has been my companion during the years of work on this project. I could not have completed this book without her. I also thank my son Alejandro and my daughter Bea, for their support.
A special thanks to Brent Huffman for his expert and gracious assistance in preparing this book, and for sharing his vast knowledge of ungulates. Brent is a Canadian zoologist and author of one of the best online resources...

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Introduction

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pp. 8-23

The family Bovidae, which includes Antelopes, Cattle, Duikers, Gazelles, Goats, and Sheep, is the largest family within Artiodactyla and the most diverse family of ungulates, with more than 270 recent species. Their common characteristic is their unbranched, non-deciduous horns. Bovids are primarily Old World in their distribution, although a few species are found in North America. The name antelope is often used to describe many members of this family, but it is not a definable, taxonomically based...

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Tribe Aepycerotini: Impalas

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pp. 24-27

Short, glossy coat with a reddish saddle over a light tan torso. Undersides white, as are the rings around the eyes. Muzzle and chin lighter in color. Black markings on the ear tips and 3 black stripes on the rump: 2 on the flanks and 1 down the tail. Unique among the Bovidae, Impala possess metatarsal glands, which are strikingly marked with a tuft of black hair above the rear hooves. Lyre-shaped horns, only in...

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Tribe Neotragini: Sunis, Royal Antelope, Pygmy Antelope

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pp. 28-37

A very small antelope, with long and slender legs, a typically compact stance, and a disproportionately broad head and short neck. Slightly smaller than the Livingstone’s Suni, with a lighter, duller coloration. General coat color is reddish brown, with the back darker than the flanks and legs. Underparts, including the chin, throat, and insides of the legs, are white. Lighter ring around the eye. Facial glands are enormous, especially in males. Pink-lined ears. The legs are ringed with...

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Tribe Reduncini: Reedbucks, Waterbucks, Rhebok

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pp. 38-81

Large and robust antelope. Shaggy, coarse coat is reddish brown to grizzled gray in color, darkening with age. Hair on the neck is especially long and forms a rough mane. Facial markings composed of a white muzzle, lighter eyebrows, and insides of the ears. Cream-colored bib on the throat. Large white halo surrounding the base of the tail on the rump (no other antelope has such a marking). Body is heavyset, strong legs are black in color, with a...

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Tribe Antilopini: Gazelles, Oribis, Steenbok, Grysbok, Dik-diks

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pp. 82-223

Medium-sized gazelle. The smallest Springbok. White and rich chestnut-brown color, with a deep brown stripe extending along each side from the shoulder to inside the thigh. Head white except for a very thin brown stripe from eye to muzzle. Skin fold normally closed, but when the animal is excited it opens to form a fan of stiff, white hairs. Brown or fawn on forehead not extending in front of the level of the eyes, and not sharply bordered anteriorly. Nose...

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Tribe Oreotragini: Klipspringers

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pp. 224-243

Largest subspecies of Klipspringer, with particularly short horns. Short coat, speckled overall color. Middle of the underside is pale, and the chin and throat are pale yellowish. Dark brown patch above each hoof. Ears relatively short, whitish, with a thick black line along the rim. Forehead reddish brown. Very large, slit-like preorbital glands, especially in males, with bare dark skin surrounding them. Tail very short, reduced to a mere stump. Horns, found in males, are...

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Tribe Cephalophini: Duikers

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pp. 244-301

Largest subspecies. Coat color is a pale grayish brown, grizzled with black. Lower parts colored like the back. Chin, belly, and insides of the upper legs are whitish. Short tail is black on the top, contrasting sharply with the fluffy white underside. Forelegs are black. Face is reddish with a dark brown nose stripe, not reaching the top of the head. Ears are long, with narrow pointed tips, separated by a tuft of hair on the forehead. Head is long and...

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Tribe Caprini: Sheep, Goats, and relatives

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pp. 302-465

Medium-sized sheep. Short, bristly outer coat reddish to sandy brown in color. Underparts are moderately lighter. Both sexes have a heavy fringe of hair on the throat, although in males this extends down the neck to encompass the chest and front legs. Tail is also fringed. Body quite thick and sturdy. Thick, triangular-based horns, found in both sexes, although slightly larger in males. Horns have numerous fine rings, although in older individuals these may be worn...

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Tribe Hippotragini: Horse Antelopes

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pp. 466-495

Large antelope, with shoulders higher than hindquarters. This is the only subspecies in which females become nearly black, though they tend to be lighter than males. Mature males are chestnut to jet black. The white belly contrasts greatly with the back and sides. Face is white with a black facial mask consisting of a wide black stripe on the bridge of the nose, and stripes running from the eyes to the nose. Thick neck enhanced by a mane of...

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Tribe Alcelaphini: Tsessebes, Topis, Hartebeests, Wildebeests

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pp. 496-541

Large antelope. Coloration dark blue gray with a tinge of brown and a silvery sheen. Lower segments of limbs tan colored. Underparts slightly darker. Series of short black stripes on the neck and shoulders. Slight hump above the shoulders, with a slight slope toward the rear. Long, horse-like tail is black. Convex face black from crown to nostrils, with a reddish tinge on the forehead; side of face paler gray, often reddish tinged. Black beard. Mane...

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Tribe Boselaphini: Nilgai, Four-horned Antelope

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pp. 542-545

Large Bovid, equine in appearance. Short coat yellow brown in females, gradually turns blue gray in males as they mature. Erectile mane on the nape and back and a hair pennant in the middle of the underside of the neck. White markings in the form of cheek spots, edges of the lips, ears, fetlocks, and a throat bib. Preorbital glands are small. Slender legs supporting a stocky body, which slopes downward toward the rear. Head long and...

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Tribe Tragelaphini: Spiral-horned Antelopes

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pp. 546-595

A very large antelope. Sandy-colored ground coat, with around 12 vertical white stripes on the torso. Short-haired black spinal crest down the neck to the middle of the back. Slender legs, with black and white markings just above the hooves and large black spots on the upper forelegs. Bridge of the nose charcoal black in color; thin, indistinct tan-colored chevron between the eyes. Lips white, along with several dots along the jawline. Pendulous dewlap, larger in males, from...

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Tribe Bovini: Bison, Buffaloes, Cattle, Saola

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pp. 596-649

A large, heavily built animal, without a pronounced hump. Skin color light gray to black, usually mud covered, with rather long hairs, but many parts are hairless, particularly with age. Neck large and thick, with a white V running across the front. Forehead narrow, ears large. No dewlap on the throat. Tail has a bushy end. The 4 legs have an off-white coloring that runs down from knees to hooves. Hooves large and splayed. Horns in both sexes, heavy at the...

Skulls

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pp. 650-658

References

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p. 659

Index

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pp. 660-664