The New Geo-Governance
A Baroque Approach
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: University of Ottawa Press
Series: Governance Series
Table of Contents
The Forum for the Future of the OECD has produced a most interesting set of studies in the last few years focusing on the prospects for the long-term transformation of our "geo-socio-technical systems" over the next few decades. While the overall tone of the four reports (on technology, economic growth,diversity and creativity, and governance) has been positive, many perils likely...
Introduction: Geo-Governance: Some Scaffolding
Many observers have announced the demise of the Westphalian nation state as the dominant system of geo-governance. Supposedly, the erosion of this dominant jurisdiction is ascribable to a nexus of forces: the pressure emanating from the ever expanding expectations of a more globally-focused citizenry, the expansion and greater complexity of the domains to be governed, nation states'...
PART 1: A FRAMEWORK
Chapter 1: Institutional Evolution in the Information Age
A socio-economy is an "instituted process", that is, a going concern held together and characterized by a certain number of rules, norms, principles, and conventions. Together, they make up the institutional order. Institutional orders differ from place to place, and evolve through time as circumstances and values change (Polanyi 1957). As the production of material values, characteristic ...
Chapter 2: States, Communities, and Markets: The Distributed Governance Scenario
According to Richard Cooper (1997), our era marks the "beginning of the endof the Westphalian state system". This conclusion echoes many other recent diagnoses of the demise of the nation state (Kaplan 1994; Drucker 1994; Ohmae1995; Huntington 1996). What is particularly interesting in Cooper's analysisis his ruthless use of Ockham's razor. He focuses on three rather simple factors...
Chapter 3: Social Learning, Collaborative Governance, and the Strategic State
Coordination failures and crippling disconcertation in the learning economyare an important source of inefficiency and lack of progressivity. They cannot be eliminated by the conventional panoply of nation-state policy instruments based on fence-keeping, centralization, and redistribution. It requires a new governance, focused on enabling effective social learning. We must develop the...
Chapter 4: Ecologies of Governance as Social Technologies
It is not quite sufficient to disclose new worlds and to reflect on the requisitecapabilities, skills, and assets for better concertation and governance. This hasto be translated into particular arrangements capable of handling the governance challenges hic et nunc. As mentioned earlier, it is most effective to partition the problem into compartments, and to put in place ecologies of governance making ...
PART 2: TERRITORIAL CONNECTIONS
Chapter 5: On Hemispheric Governance
Canadians have a distorted view of the world system and their own place in it. This is inherited both from the post-World War II experience, when Canada stood tall among nations because of the fact that so many of them had been badly damaged during the 1939-45 war period, and from the activist Pearson era, when Canada played a leadership role in world affairs. One can get a visual sense of this aggrandized self-portrait in the maps of the world as presented in Air Canada in-flight ...
Chapter 6: Techno-nationalism and Meso-innovation Systems: A Cognitive Dynamics Approach
Currently, the most fashionable weaselword in the forum of discussions on innovation is the notion of "a national system of innovation". It refers to elusive arrays of public and private institutions and organizations, but also to public policy thrusts that are shaping stable patterns of behaviour and particular incentive reward systems. These are purported to weave different logics together in a creative way: the logic built into ...
Chapter 7: Smart Communities and the Geo-governance of Social Learning
A smart community is one that learns fast and well. Learning makes the highestand best use of all the community's intelligence and resources (intellectual, social,physical, financial, personal, etc.) through the use of all available physical, social,and behavioural technologies, including the new information and communication technologies (NICT). One must guard against the temptation on the part of...
PART 3: OCEAN GOVERNANCE
Chapter 8: The Governance of Sustainability
The challenges of the governance of territorial entities, lending themselves as they do to traditional systems of appropriation, are quite daunting, and cannot always be easily and adequately met by conventional, institutional nation-state structures. There is considerable scope for opportunism and shirking, but there is also the significant possibility of external malefits...
Chapter 9: Features of a Governance Regime for Oceans
With the second largest offshore territory in the world and the world's longest coastline, Canada has a vast oceanic world to survey and govern. However, the governance challenges are daunting for reasons that extend well beyond the sheer physical dimensions of the domain in question. Canada's marine dominion underpins numerous industries including commercial fishing, aquaculture,...
Chapter 10: Polycentric Governance and Technologies of Collaboration
While important, the principles cited in the last chapter may appear to be insufficient for effective ocean stewardship. This is ascribable to a general distrust of self-governance, and to the dual challenge of (1) the ocean governance design not being approximated by a single game framework, and (2) it not being presumed that all the information available to the stakeholders can be synthesized...
PART 4: THE NEW STEWARDSHIP
Chapter 11: Toward a Baroque Governance in 21st Century Canada
Canada will have to meet the three fundamental challenges of 21st century society:complexity, new forms of collaboration, and citizen engagement. The new information and communication technologies, and the greater connectedness they have generated, are only one of the families of forces, albeit an important one, that have increased the level of relevant complexity, uncertainty and turbulence in...
Chapter 12: Governance and Emergent Transversal Citizenship: Toward a New Nexus of Social Contracts
Pluralism is a world view that defines societies as fragmented and discontinuous,as composed of incommensurable complementary/conflictive parts or spheres,and therefore cannot be reduced to a single logic. In plural societies, there isa constant and active process of reconciliation, harmonization, and effectivecoordination of the logics in these different spheres to ensure a minimal degree...
Chapter 13: The Limits of Territorial/National Federalism as a Social Technology
One of the central features of modernity is the existence of a plurality ofconversations that practical persons hope to be able to reconcile and to articulatein some loose and comprehensive manner through some common "mode of conversation" (Tully 1994). In this quest, federalism has come to be regarded as a social technology that has the capacity to build such means of articulation. Indeed, the very variegated ...
Conclusion: Governance as Subversive Bricolage in the 21st Century: The Missing Links
The shift from a geo-government based on the old trinity of state-nation-territory to a new and more fluid, mobile, slippery, shifty, evasive geo-governance has created new challenges. In this new game where geographical space plays a lesser and different role, where the state has lost its full grip on governing, and the nation and various other territories of the mind have woven a multiplicity of...
Although they have been modified a number of times, important segments ofseveral chapters have been drawn from previously published papers....