Cover

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Title page, Copyright

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Contents

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Introduction: Institutional Innovations in Peace Processes

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pp. 1-20

This book confronts the challenges of institutional design and innovation in contemporary conflict management. It bridges a gap in the peace and conflict literature by integrating understudied and apparently unrelated institutional innovations into a coherent body of transferable knowledge for divided societies...

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1. A Federal Cyprus? Consociational Failures and Prospects

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pp. 21-46

Cyprus has experienced conflict at various times in its recent history, and this has inevitably shaped adversarial narratives across the communal divide. Understanding the background of the Cypriot conflict, especially how each community generally perceives certain critical historical junctures, is important...

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2. The Region’s Federal Movements: Why Did (post-)Ottoman States Fail in Sharing Power?

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pp. 47-73

Federalist ideas are not unknown to the modern descendants of the Ottoman Empire and its successor states: almost every movement or national community in the region has its own version of an imagined federalism. Velentsilis’s early federalist and revolutionary writings cited above are found throughout...

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3. Innovations in Power-Sharing: The Northern Irish d’Hondt

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pp. 74-100

This chapter discusses innovations in power- sharing across divided societies by focusing primarily on comparative lessons from Northern Ireland. As stated in the introductory chapter, the d’Hondt system has contributed to broad inclusive coalitions and political stability in the province particularly...

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4. The Way Home: Linkages, Reciprocity, and Lessons from Bosnia

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pp. 101-126

The story of Costas Hadjipavlou, a refugee from the village of Agios Amvrosios on the northern coast of Cyprus, made local news in 2002. After losing his property in 1974, Costas and his family, including his four daughters, joined the thousands forcibly displaced in the areas controlled by the Republic...

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5. Mandate Peace Referendums: A South African Innovation?

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pp. 127-150

In early 1992, Frederik Willem de Klerk confronted one of the most difficult dilemmas of his political career. As the last president of apartheid- era South Africa (September 1989 to May 1994), De Klerk realized that the policies of racial segregation had not only failed but also become politically unsustainable...

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6. “Stalemate Theory”: A Humanitarian Breakthrough in Cyprus

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pp. 151-170

The “frozen conflict” of Cyprus can tell us a theoretically informative story about stalemates and prolonged deadlocks in deeply divided societies. This chapter compares the options of comprehensive and gradualist approaches to peacemaking in Cyprus and offers an alternative conceptual framework for...

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7. Europeanization and Hydrocarbons: Alternative Scenario Planning in the Levant

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pp. 171-189

In Cyprus and other conflict- ridden societies in wider Europe, the long- term stability of power- sharing arrangements will inevitably continue to be linked to the prospects of EU enlargement. Yet, as stated in previous chapters, EU accession for Cyprus and its ongoing prospect for Turkey have failed to incentivize...

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Conclusion: Can Divided Societies Learn from Each Other?

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pp. 190-214

This book has examined the failure to reach a federal agreement in Cyprus despite intense diplomatic efforts since 1974. Unlike other divided societies that transcended their stalemates, Cyprus has remained divided for decades, even though the two communities have tentatively agreed on the general parameters...

Notes

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pp. 215-222

Bibliography

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pp. 223-246

Index

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pp. 247-254

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 255-258

Writing this book began in 2009 and was completed in six years, but many of the core ideas were formulated a decade earlier. The time span might have led to some omissions in my acknowledgments, for which I apologize.
Few academic books are exclusive to one person’s ideas and efforts. Brendan...