In this Book

summary
Forcibly removed from their homes in the late 1830s, Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Indians brought their African-descended slaves with them along the Trail of Tears and resettled in Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. Celia E. Naylor vividly charts the experiences of enslaved and free African Cherokees from the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma's entry into the Union in 1907. Carefully extracting the voices of former slaves from interviews and mining a range of sources in Oklahoma, she creates an engaging narrative of the composite lives of African Cherokees. Naylor explores how slaves connected with Indian communities not only through Indian customs--language, clothing, and food--but also through bonds of kinship.

Examining this intricate and emotionally charged history, Naylor demonstrates that the "red over black" relationship was no more benign than "white over black." She presents new angles to traditional understandings of slave resistance and counters previous romanticized ideas of slavery in the Cherokee Nation. She also challenges contemporary racial and cultural conceptions of African-descended people in the United States. Naylor reveals how black Cherokee identities evolved reflecting complex notions about race, culture, "blood," kinship, and nationality. Indeed, Cherokee freedpeople's struggle for recognition and equal rights that began in the nineteenth century continues even today in Oklahoma.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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  1. Contents
  2. p. vii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-xii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-24
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  1. 1 On the Run in Antebellum Indian Territory
  2. pp. 25-50
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  1. 2 Day-to-Day Resistance to the Peculiar Institution and the Struggle to Remain Free in the Antebellum Cherokee Nation
  2. pp. 51-74
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  1. 3 Conceptualizing and Constructing African Indian Racial and Cultural Identities in Antebellum Indian Territory
  2. pp. 75-110
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  1. Image Plates, Maps
  2. pp. 111-124
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  1. 4 Trapped in the Turmoil: A Divided Cherokee Nation and the Plight of Enslaved African Cherokees during the Civil War Era
  2. pp. 125-154
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  1. 5 Cherokee Freedpeople’s Struggle for Recognition and Rights during Reconstruction
  2. pp. 155-178
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  1. 6 Contested Common Ground: Landownership, Race Politics, and Segregation on the Eve of Statehood
  2. pp. 179-200
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  1. Afterword
  2. pp. 201-220
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  1. Appendix: Treaty with the Cherokee Nation, 1866
  2. pp. 221-238
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 239-312
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 313-342
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 343-360
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469605456
Related ISBN
9780807832035
MARC Record
OCLC
966913551
Pages
376
Launched on MUSE
2017-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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