Cover

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Title page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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p. vii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

The completion of this book would have been impossible without the generous institutional and financial support I have received in the past decade. In particular, I would like to acknowledge a Norwegian Nobel Institute fellowship in 1993, a Dr. Nuala McGann Drescher Leave Program Fellowship from the State University of New York in fall...

Abbreviations

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p. xi

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Introduction

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pp. 1-16

The last decade of the twentieth century witnessed sensational developments in the study of the international history of the Cold War—one of the century’s most important events.With the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, for the first time scholars have been able to study the entire duration of the Cold War...

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CHAPTER 1 The Chinese Civil War and the Rise of the Cold War in East Asia, 1945–1946

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pp. 17-37

China’s ‘‘War of Resistance against Japan’’ ended in August 1945 when Japan surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. Peace, however, did not come to China’s war-torn land. Almost immediately after Japan’s defeat, in the context of the emerging global confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, the long-accumulated tensions between the Chinese Communist Party (ccp) and the Nationalist Party...

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CHAPTER 2 The Myth of America’s Lost Chance in China

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pp. 38-48

Did there exist any chance in 1949–50 for the Chinese Communist Party and the United States to reach an accommodation or, at least, to avoid a confrontation? Scholars who believe that Washington ‘‘lost a chance’’ to pursue a nonconfrontational relationship with the ccp generally base their argument on two assumptions—that the Chinese Communists earnestly sought U.S. recognition to expedite their country’s postwar economic reconstruction, and that the...

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CHAPTER 3 Mao’s Continuous Revolution and the Rise and Demise of the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1949–1963

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pp. 49-84

No other event during the Cold War contributed more to changes in perceptions of the Communist powers than the rise and demise of the Sino- Soviet alliance. Emerging in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the ‘‘brotherly solidarity’’ between the People’s Republic of China and the Soviet Union was claimed to be ‘‘unbreakable’’ and ‘‘eternal...

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CHAPTER 4 China’s Strategies to End the Korean War, 1950–1953

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pp. 85-117

When China entered the Korean War in October 1950,Mao Zedong and the Beijing leadership intended to win a glorious victory by driving the Americans out of Korea.1 Nine months later the cruel reality of the battlefield forced the Beijing leadership to adjust this goal. On 10 July 1951, negotiations to end the Korean conflict began at...

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CHAPTER 5 China and the First Indochina War, 1950–1954

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pp. 118-144

Despite its obvious significance, China’s involvement in the First Indochina War has long been an under-researched and inadequately understood subject in Cold War studies. Until recently, because Chinese and Vietnamese sources were inaccessible, the many plausible English-language publications on the First Indochina War either completely ignore, or give only marginal attention to, China’s connection...

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CHAPTER 6 Beijing and the Polish and Hungarian Crises of 1956

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pp. 145-162

In retrospect, the Polish and Hungarian crises of 1956 stand together as a landmark in the development of the Cold War history. These two important events not only revealed the long-existing tensions within the Soviet bloc, especially between the Soviet Union and Poland and the Soviet Union and Hungary; they also triggered a series of more general confrontations within the Communist world, eventually leading...

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CHAPTER 7 Beijing and the Taiwan Strait Crisis of 1958

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pp. 163-204

At 5:30 p.m. on 23 August 1958, the People’s Liberation Army units in Fujian province suddenly began an intensive artillery barrage of the gmd controlled Jinmen islands.1 In the first minute, some 2,600 rounds were fired. When the shelling ended around 6:55 p.m., the pla shore batteries had poured more than 30,000 shells on Jinmen. About 600 gmd officers and soldiers were reportedly killed, among whom were...

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CHAPTER 8 China’s Involvement in the Vietnam War, 1964–1969

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pp. 205-237

The Vietnam War was an international conflict. Not only was the United States engaged in large-scale military operations in a land far away from its own, but the two major Communist powers, China and the Soviet Union, were also deeply involved. Scholars have long assumed that Beijing played an important role in supporting...

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CHAPTER 9 The Sino–American Rapprochement, 1969–1972

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pp. 238-276

Early in 1969, it seemed that the conflict between the People’s Republic of China and the United States had reached the worst in two decades. When the newly elected U.S. president Richard Nixon delivered his inaugural address on 20 January, Beijing’s propaganda machine immediately fiercely attacked the ‘‘jittery chieftain of...

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EPILOGUE: The Legacies of China’s Cold War Experience

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pp. 277-284

Mao Zedong died on 9 September 1976.After a short period of leadership transition (1976–78), with Hua Guofeng serving as the nominal party and state head, Deng Xiaoping ascended in the late 1970s to become China’s paramount leader.1 China has since experienced a profound derevolutionization process, which has underminedMao’s...

Notes

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pp. 285-372

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Bibliographic Essay

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pp. 373-386

The following is a general overview of the historical literature on China and the Cold War during theMaoist era. It introduces and evaluates primary and secondary sources as well as directs interested readers to a selection of scholarship in both English and Chinese....

Index

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pp. 387-400