Plasticity and Pathology
On the Formation of the Neural Subject
Publication Year: 2015
Published by: Fordham University Press
Title Page, Copyright
David Bates, Nima Bassiri
The essays collected here were presented at the workshop Plasticity and Pathology: History and Theory of Neural Subjects at the Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities at the University of California, Berkeley. As co-organizers of this...
1. Toward an Ethnographyof Experimental Psychology
An enduring question in the history and philosophy of science is: What do we mean by objectivity and subjectivity?1 In their historical overview Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison set out three phases of scientific knowledge over the centuries...
2. “You Are (Not) Your Synapses”: Toward a Critical Approach to Neuroscience
Two relatively recent and perfectly simultaneous intellectual encounters happened to be decisive for my philosophical trajectory, changing its course and making any attempt at going backward impossible: my encounter with...
3 Plasticity, Pathology, and Pleasure in Cold War America.
In 1970 Tulane University neuroscientist Robert Heath attempted to reorient a young gay man’s sexuality by means of direct electrical stimulation of his neural “pleasure center.” The experiment combined a heteronormative view of healthy...
4. Epileptic Insanity and Personal Identity: John Hughlings Jackson and the Formations of the Neuropathic Self
A span of two hundred years, from the end of the seventeenth to the end of the nineteenth century, separates a striking reversal of positions on the relationship between madness and personhood. In 1694 John Locke published...
5. Integrations, Vigilance, Catastrophe:The Neuropsychiatry of Aphasia in Henry Headand Kurt Goldstein
Stefanos Geroulanos, Todd Meyers
This essay forms part of a broader project concerned with the ways in which, around World War I, the disciplines dealing with the human body exhibited a marked shift toward medical and physiological theories of bodily...
6. The History of a Brain Wound: Alexander Luriaand the Dialectics of Soviet Plasticity
Hannah Proctor, Laura Salisbury
On March 2, 1943, a twenty-three-year-old Russian experienced a revolution every bit as transformative as the one that just preceded his birth. The revolution of 1917 had transformed the social world and had led to the creation...
7. Automaticity, Plasticity, and the Deviant Origins of Artificial Intelligence
The contemporary brain is largely a digital brain.1 Not only do we study the brain through virtual technologies that rely on digital visualizations, but the brain’s very activity is often modeled by a digital simulation.2 And the brain...
8. Plastic Diagrams: Circuits in the Brain and How They Got There
Today we talk easily about the similarities between brains and computers, between programs and thought processes, between neurons and neural networks.1 We speak of recovering addicts “reprogramming” their minds...
9. Imperfect Reflections: Norms, Pathology, and Difference in Mirror Neuron Research
In the early 1990s the neurophysiologist Giacomo Rizzolatti and his research group in the Department of Neuroscience at the University of Parma in Italy described a group of cells in the premotor cortex of monkeys that presented...
10. On How Adult Cerebral Plasticity Research Has Decoupled Pathology from Death
Prochiantz was watching outside a window, overseeing a Paris covered in pigeon dirt. I looked at my scribbles. “Death,” I had noted him saying, “is a solution. Life is a problem.”
Let me explain...
Page Count: 256
Illustrations: 8 b/w illustrations
Publication Year: 2015
OCLC Number: 930760512
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Plasticity and Pathology