Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

Contributors

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pp. ix-x

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Preface

David Bates, Nima Bassiri

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pp. xi-xiii

The essays collected here were presented at the workshop Plasticity and Pathology: History and Theory of Neural Subjects at the Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities at the University of California, Berkeley. As co-organizers of this...

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1. Toward an Ethnographyof Experimental Psychology

Emily Martin

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pp. 1-19

An enduring question in the history and philosophy of science is: What do we mean by objectivity and subjectivity?1 In their historical overview Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison set out three phases of scientific knowledge over the centuries...

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2. “You Are (Not) Your Synapses”: Toward a Critical Approach to Neuroscience

Catherine Malabou

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pp. 20-34

Two relatively recent and perfectly simultaneous intellectual encounters happened to be decisive for my philosophical trajectory, changing its course and making any attempt at going backward impossible: my encounter with...

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3 Plasticity, Pathology, and Pleasure in Cold War America.

Cathy Gere

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pp. 35-64

In 1970 Tulane University neuroscientist Robert Heath attempted to reorient a young gay man’s sexuality by means of direct electrical stimulation of his neural “pleasure center.” The experiment combined a heteronormative view of healthy...

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4. Epileptic Insanity and Personal Identity: John Hughlings Jackson and the Formations of the Neuropathic Self

Nima Bassiri

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pp. 65-111

A span of two hundred years, from the end of the seventeenth to the end of the nineteenth century, separates a striking reversal of positions on the relationship between madness and personhood. In 1694 John Locke published...

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5. Integrations, Vigilance, Catastrophe:The Neuropsychiatry of Aphasia in Henry Headand Kurt Goldstein

Stefanos Geroulanos, Todd Meyers

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pp. 112-158

This essay forms part of a broader project concerned with the ways in which, around World War I, the disciplines dealing with the human body exhibited a marked shift toward medical and physiological theories of bodily...

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6. The History of a Brain Wound: Alexander Luriaand the Dialectics of Soviet Plasticity

Hannah Proctor, Laura Salisbury

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pp. 159-193

On March 2, 1943, a twenty-three-year-old Russian experienced a revolution every bit as transformative as the one that just preceded his birth. The revolution of 1917 had transformed the social world and had led to the creation...

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7. Automaticity, Plasticity, and the Deviant Origins of Artificial Intelligence

David Bates

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pp. 194-218

The contemporary brain is largely a digital brain.1 Not only do we study the brain through virtual technologies that rely on digital visualizations, but the brain’s very activity is often modeled by a digital simulation.2 And the brain...

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8. Plastic Diagrams: Circuits in the Brain and How They Got There

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pp. 219-267

Today we talk easily about the similarities between brains and computers, between programs and thought processes, between neurons and neural networks.1 We speak of recovering addicts “reprogramming” their minds...

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9. Imperfect Reflections: Norms, Pathology, and Difference in Mirror Neuron Research

Katja Guenther

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pp. 268-308

In the early 1990s the neurophysiologist Giacomo Rizzolatti and his research group in the Department of Neuroscience at the University of Parma in Italy described a group of cells in the premotor cortex of monkeys that presented...

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10. On How Adult Cerebral Plasticity Research Has Decoupled Pathology from Death

Tobias Rees

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pp. 309-342

Prochiantz was watching outside a window, overseeing a Paris covered in pigeon dirt. I looked at my scribbles. “Death,” I had noted him saying, “is a solution. Life is a problem.”
Let me explain...

Index

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pp. 343-354