Cover

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Title page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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1 Introduction

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pp. 1-20

Here is the fundamental challenge we confront with climate change. As of 2012, total annual greenhouse gas emissions were at roughly 45 billion metric tons of mostly carbon dioxide (CO2), along with smaller amounts of methane, nitrous oxide, and other gases. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that to stabilize the global average temperature...

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2 Prospects for Fossil Fuels and Nuclear Power

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pp. 21-30

The most basic cause of global climate change is fossil fuel consumption. We burn fossil fuels to heat, light, and cool buildings, to cook food, to commute to jobs, to travel, and to incorporate all varieties of machinery into the operations of our workplaces and homes. As of 2012, oil, coal and natural gas consumption accounted for about 80 percent of total global energy supply...

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3 Prospects for Energy Efficiency

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pp. 31-44

Large-scale investment in energy efficiency is the single best option available for building a global clean energy economy and achieving the IPCC’s emissions reduction target over the next twenty years. The technologies required to dramatically improve energy efficiency standards are readily available. Making energy efficiency investments will also save money over time for all varieties of energy...

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4 Prospects for Clean Renewable Energy

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pp. 45-61

Producing an abundant supply of clean renewable energy resources is, along with dramatically raising energy efficiency standards, one of the two cornerstones for achieving the IPCC’s emissions reduction targets. This means generating energy at rapidly increasing rates for solar, wind, geothermal, clean bioenergy, and small-scale hydro power. Within twenty years, these...

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5 How to Hit the CO2 Emissions Reduction Target

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pp. 62-72

This chapter presents my approach for a twenty-year global clean energy investment project. The basic idea is simple: we increase global investments into energy efficiency and clean renewable energy by 1.5 percent of GDP relative to the IEA’s businessas- usual (BAU) scenario for 2035.1 In all, then, my framework assumes that 1.7–1.8 percent of global GDP will be channeled into clean energy investments on an annual basis....

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6 Expanding Job Opportunities through Clean Energy Investments

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pp. 73-91

The massive investments in energy efficiency and clean renewable energy necessary to stabilize the climate will also drive job expansion, in all regions of the world, for countries at all levels of development. Yet there is a widely held view that protecting the environment and expanding job opportunities are necessarily in conflict, creating severe and unavoidable...

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7 A Policy Agenda That Can Work

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pp. 92-109

Reducing annual global CO2 emissions by 40 percent within twenty years—from its current level of 33 billion tons to 20 billion tons, from 4.6 to 2.3 tons per capita—is a realistic goal. What we need to do is straightforward: first, increase global investments ever year in energy efficiency and clean renewables by 1.5 percent of global GDP, and second, over this twenty-year period, cut oil, coal, and natural gas consumption...

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8 Risk, Ethics, and the Politics of Climate Stabilization

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pp. 110-121

The clean energy investment program I have outlined demonstrates that a viable global program for climate stabilization is within reach. The key is to recognize that the prospects for dramatically expanding investments in energy efficiency and clean renewable energy are highly favorable. We can support this conclusion through reviewing evidence from around the globe as to...

Appendix 1

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pp. 122-124

Appendix 2

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pp. 125-131

Notes

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pp. 132-138

References

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pp. 139-144

Index

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pp. 145-158

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 159-162

This is a small book, but it has emerged out of a wide range of work I have done in collaboration with a large number of organizations and people over the past seven years. The overarching goal with all of these endeavors has been simple and yet daunting: to figure out how to build a global green economy within the next twenty years that can succeed both in stabilizing the...

About the Author

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pp. 163-164