Cover

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Title Page, Frontispiece, About the Series, Copyright, Dedication

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CONTENTS

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p. vii

Maps

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p. ix

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. xi-xiv

I have accrued many debts in writing this book. My family and friends sometimes joined me in my travels across the Middle East and always made coming home a pleasure; colleagues, new and old, generously shared their knowledge and their time. I am grateful to so many people that putting together a list of acknowledgments...

A NOTE ON TRANSLITERATION

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p. xv

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INTRODUCTION: AGENCY OF HISTORY: The Symbolic Potential of the Transnational Mosque

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pp. 1-32

“The whole earth is a mosque” is a common saying attributed to the Prophet Muhammad. Regardless of where Muslims may find themselves, the main requisites to prayer are the ritual ablution and knowledge of the direction toward the Kaʿba in Mecca. Nonetheless, mosques are built as physical manifestations of Islam and continue to serve the needs of diverse communities. In recent decades...

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1 Turkey and a Neo-Ottoman World Order: History as Ethno-imperialism

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pp. 33-68

The twenty-first century is conceived by the Turkish Republic as its own, in terms of both political influence and economic prosperity. Expanding its global reach from Turkmenistan to Washington, DC, the country serves as a patron, an ally, and a negotiator between diverse religious and ideological spheres. Its diaspora has an important presence in countries such as Germany, and its entrepreneurs...

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2 Global Islam and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An Architecture of Assimilation

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pp. 69-106

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a global presence, with particular significance to the 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide.2 As caretakers of the holy sites of the Kaʿba, in Mecca, and Muhammad’s Mosque in Medina, the rulers are in a position to gain the respect and, in some cases, deference of several communities of Muslims...

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3 Iran and Shi'i Pilgrimage Networks: A Postrevolutionary Ideology

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pp. 107-150

The Iranian Revolution of 1979 sent ripples across the Middle East, threatening to destabilize regimes from Saudi Arabia to Pakistan. Indeed, it was the primary reasons behind the Mosques Project initiated by King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, whose patronage at the time was selectively chosen to counter the influence of Iran. Shiʿism has...

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4 Grand Mosques in the United Arab Emirates: Domesticating the Transnational

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pp. 151-192

The United Arab Emirates is a collection of tribal consortiums that united to share economic and political authority over a region previously controlled by the British Empire. The Persian Gulf was a contested territory, laid claim to first by the Portuguese in the early part of the sixteenth century and then by the Ottomans, who...

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EPILOGUE: The Mutability of History

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pp. 193-210

Transnational mosques actively engage with their public and its interpretation of history. Differing in context and motivation, they nonetheless serve as key representations of the role historical consciousness plays within religious and political discourse. Nations within the Middle East have increasingly turned to religious history as a source of legitimation and self-representation. This is obviously...

NOTES

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pp. 211-232

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 233-242

INDEX

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pp. 243-254

Other Works in the Series

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pp. 255-255

Image Plates

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pp. 256-271