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The Ancient Maya Marketplace
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Trading was the favorite occupation of the Maya, according to early Spanish observers such as Fray Diego de Landa (1566). Yet scholars of the Maya have long dismissed trade—specifically, market exchange—as unimportant. They argue that the Maya subsisted primarily on agriculture, with long-distance trade playing a minor role in a largely non-commercialized economy.

The Ancient Maya Marketplace reviews the debate on Maya markets and offers compelling new evidence for the existence and identification of ancient marketplaces in the Maya Lowlands. Its authors rethink the prevailing views about Maya economic organization and offer new perspectives. They attribute the dearth of Maya market research to two factors: persistent assumptions that Maya society and its rainforest environment lacked complexity, and an absence of physical evidence for marketplaces—a problem that plagues market research around the world.

Many Mayanists now agree that no site was self-sufficient, and that from the earliest times robust local and regional exchange existed alongside long-distance trade. Contributors to this volume suggest that marketplaces, the physical spaces signifying the presence of a market economy, did not exist for purely economic reasons but served to exchange information and create social ties as well.

The Ancient Maya Marketplace offers concrete links between Maya archaeology, ethnohistory, and contemporary cultures. Its in-depth review of current research will help future investigators to recognize and document marketplaces as a long-standing Maya cultural practice. The volume also provides detailed comparative data for premodern societies elsewhere in the world.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Contents
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-2
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  1. Introduction. Research on Maya Markets
  2. Eleanor M. King and Leslie C. Shaw
  3. pp. 3-32
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  1. 1. The Ethnohistoric Evidence for Maya Markets and Its Archaeological Implications
  2. Eleanor M. King
  3. pp. 33-66
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  1. 2. The Marketplace at Tikal
  2. Christopher Jones
  3. pp. 67-89
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  1. 3. Ancient Maya Markets: Architectural Grammar and Market Identifications
  2. Marshall Joseph Becker
  3. pp. 90-110
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  1. 4. How to Know It When We See It: Marketplace Identification at the Classic Maya Site of Buenavista del Cayo, Belize
  2. Bernadette Cap
  3. pp. 111-137
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  1. 5. Soil Chemistry in the Search for Ancient Maya Marketplaces
  2. Richard E. Terry, Daniel A. Bair, and Eric G. Coronel
  3. pp. 138-167
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  1. 6. The Maya Marketplace at Maax Na, Belize
  2. Leslie C. Shaw and Eleanor M. King
  3. pp. 168-194
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  1. 7. Markets and Marketing in the Classic Maya Lowlands: A Case Study from El Perú-Waka’
  2. Keith Eppich and David Freidel
  3. pp. 195-225
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  1. 8. Markets Among the Ancient Maya: The Case of Caracol, Belize
  2. Arlen F. Chase, Diane Z. Chase, Richard E. Terry, Jacob M. Horlacher, and Adrian S. Z. Chase
  3. pp. 226-250
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  1. 9. Contemporary Maya Marketplaces: Gender, Social Change, and Implications for the Past
  2. Susan J. Wurtzburg
  3. pp. 251-272
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  1. References Cited
  2. pp. 273-316
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 317-322
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 323-325
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