In this Book

The University of Akron Press
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summary
During the 1960s, inland bodies of water in North America and Europe experienced a dangerous transformation. Nutrients were dumped into the lakes, causing chain reactions which severely impacted on lake environments. The excessive increase into inland waters through human activity, known as cultural eutrofication, emerged as a dominant problem. Massive algae blooms drifted in overnourished lakes, depleting oxygen, damaging fish stocks, and transforming the water's ecosystem. In Lake Erie Rehabilitated, historian William McGucken presents a comprehensive account of the most notorious international incident of cultural eutrophication---Lake Erie. With the assistance of the International Joint Commission, Canada and the United States diagnosed phosphorous as the primary cause of the problem and, in a unique cooperative effort, reduced input to the lake from municipal and industrial wastewater plants and agricultural lands. Public pressure and government regulation encouraged the reluctant detergent industry to produce alternative detergents and, finally, reduced the input of phosphorous to targeted levels. Lake Erie is now rehabilitated, but its history over the last three decades demonstrates the importance of maintaining an environmental balance. Meticulously researched and documented, this book will appeal to environmentalists, historians, and readers who seek to understand the Great Lakes ecosystem, environmental issues, and environmental regulation.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title
  2. pp. iii-iii
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  1. Copyright
  2. pp. iv-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. ix-ix
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  1. Series Preface
  2. pp. xi-xi
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xiii-xiv
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-13
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  1. Chapter I: Cultural Eutrophication: An International Problem
  2. pp. 14-27
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  1. Chapter II: Eutrophication of Ontario Waters
  2. pp. 28-35
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  1. Chapter III: The Polluting of Lake Erie
  2. pp. 36-53
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  1. Chapter IV: The Lake Erie Enforcement Conference
  2. pp. 54-70
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  1. Chapter V: The U.S. Government, the Detergent Industry, and Eutrophication
  2. pp. 71-82
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  1. Chapter VI: The International Joint Commission’s Reference on the Lower Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River
  2. pp. 83-100
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  1. Chapter VII: Canada’s Regulation of Phosphorus in Detergents
  2. pp. 101-118
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  1. Chapter VIII: U.S. Opposition to Detergent Phosphate
  2. pp. 119-142
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  1. Chapter IX: Concerns about NTA Use
  2. pp. 143-156
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  1. Chapter X: U.S. Reversal on Detergent Phosphate
  2. pp. 157-180
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  1. Chapter XI: Control of Eutrophication under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement of 1972
  2. pp. 181-209
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  1. Chapter XII: Phosphorus Control under the 1978 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
  2. pp. 210-219
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  1. Chapter XIII: Control of Phosphorus from Nonpoint Sources
  2. pp. 220-238
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  1. Chapter XIV: Toward Phosphorus Target Loadings
  2. pp. 239-259
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  1. Chapter XV: Lake Erie Eutrophication Controlled
  2. pp. 260-277
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 279-311
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 313-318
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