Cover

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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiii

I have incurred many debts in the process of researching and writing this book. First, I wish to thank the faculty and students at the American University in Cairo (AUC), who graciously welcomed me as a Fulbright Scholar in 2007– 8 and...

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Introduction: Transnational Cowboys and the Middle East

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pp. 1-30

In the twenty-first century, transnational developments in scholarship have recast the field of western American literature and culture, with borderlands criticism, Pacific Rim studies, comparative Indigenous theory, and environmental...

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1. “I Longed to Be an Arab”: The Eastern Origins of the Western

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pp. 31-62

The tale commonly told about the development of the Western usually begins with its origins in the U.S. East. According to this story, a powerful but beleaguered eastern group of Anglo Saxon men positioned the American West as a promising...

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2. From the Moors: The Easts and Wests of Willa Cather

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pp. 63-86

In the post- 9/11 era, the American West faces ongoing pressures to shore up its borders against potential terrorists and other vilified groups. The region is a space whose long history of geopolitical conflict and violence frequently shapes...

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3. On Savagery and Civilization: Buffalo Bill and the East

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pp. 87-112

While Frederic Remington and other American visitors to the Chicago World’s Fair may have regarded the Arab performers at the Midway as exotic figures only temporarily visiting the United States from their homes in faraway lands of the...

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4. The Persian Peddler and the Egyptian Elixir: Racial Intimacies in Oklahoma!

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pp. 113-144

Set in Indian Territory near the town of Claremore during the early years of the twentieth century, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Oklahoma! and its source material are the product of a complicated history of shifting racial ideology...

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5. Specters of Loss: Violence and the National Missionin Post- 9/11 Westerns

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pp. 145-180

Situated as a cultural terrain of struggle on the post- 9/11 battleground, the cinematic Western has often been deployed in efforts to shape discourse about American democracy and the scope of U.S. foreign policy in an age of terror...

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6. East of the Spaghetti Western: Global Travelsof the Genre

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pp. 181-210

In his novel Censoring an Iranian Love Story (2010), Shahriar Mandanipour tells the story of an Iranian writer who is frustrated by his ongoing efforts to fight censorship of his work and decides to assign himself the impossible task...

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Conclusion: Once Upon a Time in the Middle East

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pp. 211-222

I bring my discussion of “captivating Westerns” to a close by addressing problems surrounding captivity, freedom, and border defense as screened in two recent global Westerns. The Mexican director Beto Gómez’s Saving Private Perez (2011) and...

Notes

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pp. 223-246

Bibliography

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pp. 247-266

Index

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pp. 267-276

Other Works in the Series

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