Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. v-vi

List of Illustrations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

Part I: Background

read more

Introduction: Groups, Individuals, and Religious Identity

Éric Rebillard, Jörg Rüpke

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 3-12

Is religious individualism a feature unique to modernity? This is the larger research question that was addressed by an international research group, based at the Max Weber Centre of the University of Erfurt, Germany, under the heading “Religious Individualization in Historical Perspective.” Obviously...

read more

1. The Legal Framework of Religious Identity in the Roman Empire

Karl Leo Noethlichs

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 13-28

In this chapter I review the evolution of the legal structures that promoted Roman state religion, as these provide us with primary evidence for the demands that were brought to bear on individuals by the state. Before proceeding, I will make some preliminary observations...

Part II: Religion and Religious Individuals

read more

2. Am I a Christian?: An Individual at the Manichaean-Christian Interface

Jason David BeDuhn

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 31-53

In Carlo Ginzburg’s classic work The Cheese and the Worms, the Catholic Inquisition brings to light a case of individual religious idiosyncrasy that, in fact, must be commonplace—although perhaps somewhat less developed and creative—among the adherents of any religious...

read more

3. Sixth-Century Individual Rituals: Private Chapels and the Reserved Eucharist

Kim Bowes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 54-88

Around 521, the non-Chalcedonian bishop Severus of Antioch received a letter. Its author was one Caesaria, possibly the niece of the emperor Anastasius, and it contained an appeal.1 Caesaria wanted the Eucharist: the churches of her native Constantinople now offered daily Eucharistic...

read more

4. Gregory of Nazianzus: Meditation between Individual and Community

Susanna Elm

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 89-108

Tensions between group identity and religious individuality are never easy to confront, whether as the individual experiencing the tension or as a scholar, especially a social historian, attempting to capture the individual and his or her experience in the remote past, also known as late...

Part III: Group Strategies and Individual Religiosity

read more

5. The Mother's Role in Maccabaean Martyrology

Tessa Rajak

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 111-128

Why does a mother make a good martyr? Why are martyr-mothers useful? My paper could be given the frivolous title “Cherchez la femme.” I ask these questions in the framework of the Jewish-Greek Maccabaean literature of the Hellenistic and Roman periods, where the figure of the martyred...

read more

6. Perpetua's vas: Asserting Christian Identity

Judith Perkins

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 129-164

Zygmund Bauman holds that collectivism is necessary for any sort of social assertion, especially for those in a society with unequal access to resources. Those better off usually fall back to collectivism only when their control and unequal share of resources is under threat.1 Various groups jockeying...

read more

7. Senatorial Aristocracy: How Individual Is Individual Religiosity?

Kristine Iara

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 165-214

The “last pagans of Rome”1 have long been the subject of scholarly discussion. In addition to disputes concerning the dates and the supposed mechanisms of conversion,2 the activities of the adherents to pagan religion in late antique Rome have given rise to diverse interpretations...

read more

8. "Initiation" in the Western Provinces of the Roman Empire

Wolfgang Spickermann

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 215-244

The title of this chapter promises much more than it can deliver. Let me state from the outset that it is almost impossible to reconstruct the initiatory rites of the so-called mystery cults of the western provinces of the Roman Empire on the basis of epigraphic and archaeological...

Part IV: Individuals, Identities, and Religion

read more

9. Roles and Individuality in the Chronograph of 354

Jörg Rüpke

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 247-269

The luxurious calendar book called the Chronograph of 3541 has been used as a principal source for the history of religion—paganism as well as Christianity.2 Its calendars, in the form of Roman fasti, supply isolated evidence for the religion of the fourth century. As Christian ferialia, they offer...

read more

10. Bishop Aeneas and the Church of St. Theodore in Gerasa

Rubina Raja

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 270-292

Early churches in the Near East have been the subject of many studies.1 These buildings are primarily interpreted as clear indications of the presence of Christianity, which, from its inception, was directly opposed to the older “paganism.” A church is, inarguably and by definition, a...

read more

11. Late Antique Limits of Christianness: North Africa in the Age of Augustine

Éric Rebillard

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 293-318

The study of early Christianity made significant progress when the interactions of religious groups, rather than their activities in isolation, became the preferred object of investigation. The volume edited by Judith Lieu, John North, and Tessa Rajak in 1992...

Contributors

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 319-320

Index of Ancient Names

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 321-326

General Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 327-335