Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xiv

For centuries, farmers in Kangra valley, in the western Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh, India, have constructed, maintained, and managed one of the largest networks of community-based irrigation systems in the world. ...

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Introduction

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pp. 3-19

On April 4, 1905, a devastating earthquake struck Kangra valley in what is now the state of Himachal Pradesh, India. In addition to the tragic loss of life—more than 20,000 deaths were reported (Arobraseys and Bilham 2000)—villages were leveled, roads were destroyed, and bridges collapsed. ...

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One: An Explanatory Tapestry

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pp. 20-50

How do kuhl regimes persist in Kangra valley despite recurring, destructive environmental disturbances and unprecedented rates of regional socioeconomic change? The answer to this question draws on theories of rational choice, social networks, state formation, and regionality. ...

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Two: The Dynamic Landscape of Kuhl Irrigation

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pp. 51-96

A variety of place-specific ecological and social factors conjoin in Kangra Valley to create unique and diverse opportunities for agriculture and gravity-flow irrigation. Ecological conditions that have enabled relatively large-scale irrigation systems to develop also damage kuhls and threaten their long-term persistence. ...

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Three: Statemaking and Irrigation in Kangra

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pp. 97-135

A prevailing view of the role of the state in common property resource management is that it either provides the necessary "neutral" political space for communities to manage resources collectively or it undermines the viability of that space by actively promoting privatization of the resource or asserting state control over it. ...

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Four: Patterns of Change

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pp. 136-174

During the last 30 years or so, the increasing pervasiveness of the market economy has wrought deep-seated and far-reaching changes in Kangra. In Palanlpur, Kangra, Dharmsala, Baijnath, and other market towns in Kangra Valley, once-scarce consumer durables such as electronics, household appliances, scooters, and motorcycles are displayed prominently in the storefronts that line the busy thoroughfares. ...

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Five: Networks of Independence

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pp. 175-196

The fourth strand of the explanatory tapestry has to do with the role of networks of physical and social linkages between kuhl regimes in enabling their persistence by buffering individual regimes against the effects of recurring environmental shocks such as floods and droughts. ...

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Six: Dynamic Regimes, Enduring Flows

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pp. 197-216

Throughout this book I have attempted to develop an explanation for the durability of the kuhls of Kangra under conditions of persistent long-term stress and recurring short-term shocks that common property resource theory suggests should lead to their demise. ...

Appendix One: An Note on Methods

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pp. 217-220

Appendix Two: Two Kuhl Stories Recounted by Shyam Lal Sharma

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pp. 221-223

Appendix Three: Summary Characteristics of Kuhl Regimes of the Neugal Watershed

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pp. 224-227

Notes

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pp. 228-247

Glossary

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pp. 248-251

References

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pp. 252-264

Index

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pp. 265-272

Back Cover

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