Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-x

The porosity of current political borders does not always promote normative congruence across political spaces. Paradoxically, in the age of increased global connectivity, domestic anxieties over normative intrusions from abroad do not disappear. On the contrary, all too many politicians sense that norm diffusion threatens the ideas and sensibilities on which these politicians’ authority is premised....

Abbreviations

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pp. xi-xii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-17

Vladimir Putin and Thabo Mbeki regarded many global norms with suspicion. At the very least, as indicated in the two epigraphs that open this chapter, the two presidents shied away from any external norms, policies, or ideas that did not fit the essential (or essentialized, to be precise) features of their polities. Few, if any, foreign ideas met Russian needs, claimed Putin. Spreading...

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CHAPTER 1. Purposeful Choices: Goals of the State, Norm Diffusion, and Fighting HIV / AIDS

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pp. 18-56

In order to control the spread of AIDS, the state confronts a variety of practical problems that require domestic policy makers to make many deliberate decisions. Most importantly, governments have to frame the nature of the epidemic, select among the available biomedical tools to address the challenge, sponsor treatment programs, remove obstacles to proven prevention services,...

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CHAPTER 2. Assembling the Purpose: State Goals in Putin’s Russia and Mbeki’s South Africa

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pp. 57-94

Sometimes both a state’s capacity to perform its administrative functions and an elite’s ability to maintain adequate justifications for a state’s existence fail. The old ideas and norms appear vacuous. Ultimately, this is a twin decline of both coercive power and the legitimate social purpose. Trying to rebound after periods of political disorder, politicians, state officials, and opinion...

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CHAPTER 3. Facing the Contagion: AIDS as a Problem of Public Health

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pp. 95-138

When governments fail to understand an epidemic as a problem of public health, practices developed to address health issues deviate from the standard repertoire of biomedical solutions. Because understanding issues in a particular way certainly does not preordain the ensuing social practices, no scholar should claim that to analyze issue framing suffices to explain why certain governance...

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CHAPTER 4. Expanding Access: Approaches to Prevention and Treatment

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pp. 139-171

Intensifying efforts to achieve universal access to treatment and striving to offer adequate prevention services tailored to local epidemiological circumstances are now two intertwined standardized practices of AIDS governance that governments should enact in order to solve the looming health crisis. While the debate about how to strike an appropriate balance between access to treatment...

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CHAPTER 5. Selecting Partners: The State and Key Stakeholders

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pp. 172-213

Transboundary cooperation in response to AIDS and domestic collaboration between the state and all relevant stakeholders improve the quality of health governance. Governments, bilateral and multilateral donors, the private sector, civil society organizations, affected communities, faith- based organizations, academic institutions, and people living with HIV should join...

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Conclusion

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pp. 214-228

These statements summarize the nature of the normative anxieties that took hold of Russians and South Africans at the dawn of the new millennium. To implement externally inspired reforms in Russia, surmises Putin’s trusted political operator, is to commit ontological suicide. To premise African development on externally validated ideas, speculates a prominent intellectual,...

Notes

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pp. 229-260

Index

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pp. 261-267