Cover

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Title page, Series page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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1. Transformations and Continuities: An Introduction

Heather A. Howard and Craig Proulx

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pp. 1-22

Since the 1970s, more Aboriginal peoples have lived in Canadian cities than on reserves and in rural areas combined. Between 1981 and 2001, urban Aboriginal populations have doubled and, in some cases, tripled (Statistics Canada 2005).¹ Aboriginal rural to urban migration, the flow...

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2. Urban Life: Reflections of a Middle-Class Indian

David R. Newhouse

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pp. 23-38

I am an urbanite and proud of it. I have lived in cities all of my adult life. I left my Indian reserve community at the age of 19, three and a half decades ago, in 1972, to attend university. I have not returned either to live or work. In three cities, I encountered and became part of small and...

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3. Nomadic Legacies and Contemporary Decision-Making Strategies between Reserve and City

Regna Darnell

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pp. 39-52

This chapter argues that contemporary First Nations decision-making strategies are continuous with the nomadic hunting and gathering traditions of the Anishinaabeg and that the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) agricultural traditions sustain relationships to land that transcend permanent...

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4. The Papaschase Band: Building Awareness and Community in the City of Edmonton

Jaimy L. Miller

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pp. 53-68

How does a band, dispersed through colonial identity policies and land surrenders, reclaim their identity in the twenty-first century? This chapter investigates how the Papaschase Band asserts their existence and identity as a Cree First Nation in Edmonton despite not having a land...

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5. “Regaining the childhood I should have had”: The Transformation of Inuit Identities, Institutions, and Community in Ottawa

Donna Patrick, Julie-Ann Tomiak, Lynda Brown, Heidi Langille, and Mihaela Vieru

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pp. 69-86

This chapter explores the production of urban Inuit identities and the construction of an urban Inuit community in Ottawa. These processes are seen as mutually reinforcing relationships that dynamically link identity formation, ethnicity, and institutional discourses and practices...

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6. The Friendship Centre: Native People and the Organization of Community in Cities

Heather A. Howard

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pp. 87-108

In 2002, a report on programs and services available to Native people in Toronto, produced by management-level workers at the Native Canadian Centre of Toronto, indicated how its authors perceived their roles not just as providers of adequate services to random, needy Native...

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7. Neoliberalism and the Urban Aboriginal Experience: A Casino Rama Case Study

Darrel Manitowabi

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pp. 109-122

The following is a case study of the experiences of Aboriginal migrants in the small city of Orillia, in south-central Ontario. On 31 July 1996, Casino Rama opened on the nearby Rama-Mnjikaning First Nation (formerly known as Rama), initiating an Aboriginal migration to the region...

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8. Challenges to and Successes in Urban Aboriginal Education in Canada: A Case Study of Wiingashk Secondary School

Sadie Donovan

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pp. 123-142

Aboriginal education in Canada has been and continues to be fraught with power imbalances and colonial agendas. The formidable and pervasive legacy of colonialism in contributing to the continued underachievement of Aboriginal students in Canadian school systems cannot...

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9. A Critical Discourse Analysis of John Stackhouse’s “Welcome to Harlem on the Prairies”

Craig Proulx

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pp. 143-170

Although the majority of Aboriginal people now live in cities (Statistics Canada 2005),¹ there are few analyses of their newspaper representations. Two notable exceptions are Warry (2007), who discusses the neoconservative bias of Canada’s national newspapers with passing reference...

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10. Urban Aboriginal Gangs and Street Sociality in the Canadian West: Places, Performances, and Predicaments of Transition

Kathleen Buddle

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pp. 171-202

In the shadow of Aboriginal treaty rights and land claims struggles, a different order of “turf wars” is taking shape.¹ Native gang members are engaged in mortal combat over street corners, “stables,” schools, and local community centres as they vie for dominance in the street drug trade...

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11. “Why Is My People Sleeping?”: First Nations Hip Hop between the Rez and the City

Marianne Ignace

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pp. 203-226

This essay is the continuation of a journey of discovery I began a few years ago in several overlapping and intersecting roles—as mother of First Nations children who are becoming young adults, as a member of a Secwepemc reserve community in the Interior of British Columbia, and...

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12. Plains Indian Ways to Inter-Tribal Cultural Healing in Vancouver

Lindy-Lou Flynn

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pp. 227-244

In 1989, I began to document and analyze the cultural and ceremonial institutions that Aboriginal peoples across Canada have recently developed or revived in response to their shared historical experience of colonialist domination. Primarily, I have focused on methods by which this...

Contributors

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pp. 245-248

Index

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pp. 249-253

Back cover

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