Cover

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Title page, Copyright

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Contents

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Preface

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pp. vii-viii

We have experienced nothing short of a miracle in South Africa as we have seen apartheid disappear from the scene; as we have watched incredulous, the long lines of South Africans taking part in their first democratic elections; the inauguration of Nelson Mandela as...

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Foreword

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pp. ix-x

When the Centre for the Study of Religion in Canada received a grant from the Lilly Endowment, Inc. to study the social justice activities of the United Church of Canada and its ecumenical partners, a topic with obvious relevance for our project was the Canadian churches’ role in...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

When Mandela walked out of prison in 1990, many activists, myself included, said that they had not believed that this would happen in their lifetime. I decided to write this book with a sense of gratitude that I was allowed to witness the ending of apartheid rule and with a sense...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-4

Large corporations are powerful members of Canadian society. Their policies and practices affect the well-being of millions of people in Canada and around the world. Many Canadian Christians see, as part of their concern to promote social justice, an obligation to challenge corporate...

Part One: 1975–80

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1. Prelude to Action

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pp. 7-22

The Taskforce “opened its office for business” on 2 January 1975 with a sense of urgency to respond to a long agenda that had been accumulating during the preceding two years of planning. The participating churches and religious orders each brought to the new coalition...

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2. Canadian Business Ties

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pp. 23-62

Historic partnerships between a number of Canadian denominations and religious orders and their South African sister churches had of course preceded the establishment of the Taskforce. The new coalition simply facilitated cooperation among the Canadian churches and religious...

Part Two: 1981–84

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3. Apartheid and the Canadian Government

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pp. 65-96

This volume does not purport to portray the developments in South Africa with anything like the authority to which it aspires in its presentation and analysis of the work of the Taskforce, the policies and practices of the Canadian banks and corporations involved in South Africa...

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4. From Acceptance to Unease: Canadian Corporate Responses to Apartheid, 1981–84

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pp. 97-132

Against a background of spiralling oppression in South Africa, Taskforce members continued their efforts to mobilize support for an end to corporate involvement in apartheid. Among the most important activities of the Taskforce was its sustained effort to convince the five...

Part Three: 1985–87

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5. The Struggle Intensifies

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pp. 135-186

The years 1985–86 saw a further escalation of African resistance to apartheid and an intensification of the regime’s repression of its black majority. In these years as well, in response to the increasing instability, important sections of the South African business community...

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6. Canada’s Anti-Apartheid Initiatives, 1985–86

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pp. 187-218

For nearly eight years after Jamieson had announced the elements of a new Canadian policy towards South Africa, and despite overwhelming evidence of its ineffectiveness and minimal character, no efforts had been made to give firmer policy expression to the official rhetoric of hostility...

Part Four: 1987–90

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7. The Taskforce and Continuing Canadian Corporate Involvement in South Africa

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pp. 221-262

The last two chapters may have created the impression that the Taskforce had become so preoccupied with public policy issues that it had abandoned its direct pressure on Canadian investors to modify their conduct in South Africa and Namibia or to withdraw their investment...

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8. The Long Road Back from Sanctions, 1987

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pp. 263-290

In December 1986 Denmark became the first Western country to impose a comprehensive economic embargo against Pretoria. In February 1987 a UN Security Council resolution on selected mandatory economic sanctions modeled on the Comprehensive Anti-apartheid Act...

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9. The Taskforce and the Abandonment of Canada’s Sanctions Policy, 1988–90

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pp. 291-336

In 1988 a new awareness had begun to take root among South Africa’s white business elite. It was becoming evident that apartheid would not be able to withstand the impact of international economic sanctions, at least not without incurring intolerable economic costs...

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10. Final Reflections

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pp. 337-346

The efforts of the Taskforce on the Churches and Corporate Responsibility to influence Canadian banks, corporations and the federal government to change their policies toward apartheid in Southern Africa constituted one of the most sustained social actions undertaken by the Canadian...

Selected Bibliography

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pp. 347-354

Index

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pp. 355-366