In this Book

Constitutions and Conflict Management in Africa
buy this book Buy This Book in Print
summary

Each of Africa's countries has a different constitutional design, is characterized by a unique culture and history, and faces different stresses that threaten to undermine political stability. Presenting the first database of constitutional design in all African countries, and seven original case studies, Constitutions and Conflict Management in Africa explores the types of domestic political institutions that can buffer societies from destabilizing changes that otherwise increase the risk of violence.

With detailed comparative studies of Burundi, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, and Zimbabwe, contributing scholars identify key turning points at which a state's political institutions either mitigated or escalated the effects of economic, environmental, demographic, and political shocks. They find that stability can be promoted by various constitutional designs—not only by accommodative institutions that encourage decentralization and multiculturalism, but also by the integrative, centralized designs that characterize the constitutions of most African countries. The greatest danger may arise from partial or inequitable accommodation that can exacerbate societal tensions, culminating in violence up to and including civil war and genocide. Accordingly, Constitutions and Conflict Management in Africa cautions against the typical international prescription for radical reform to replace Africa's existing constitutions with accommodative designs, instead prescribing more gradual constitutional reform to strengthen liberal institutions, such as strong judiciaries and independent electoral commissions. This detailed and methodical volume provides vital lessons for fostering democracy and reducing civil conflict via constitutional reform in Africa and beyond.

Contributors: Justin Orlando Frosini, Gilbert M. Khadiagala, Alan J. Kuperman, Karly Kupferberg, Eli Poupko, Eghosa E. Osaghae, Andrew Reynolds, Filip Reyntjens, Arame Tall, Hillary Thomas-Lake, Stefan Wolff, I. William Zartman.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. restricted access Download |
  1. Title Paqe, Copyright
  2. restricted access Download |
  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. 1. Designing Constitutions to Reduce Domestic Conflict
  2. Alan J. Kuperman
  3. pp. 1-24
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. Accommodation Is Risky
  2. pp. 25-26
  1. 2. Burundi: Institutionalizing Ethnicity to Bridge the Ethnic Divide
  2. Filip Reyntjens
  3. pp. 27-50
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. 3. Kenya: Gradual Pluralization Fails to Buffer Shocks
  2. Gilbert M. Khadiagala
  3. pp. 51-70
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. 4. Nigeria: Devolution to Mitigate Conflict in the Niger Delta
  2. Eghosa E. Osaghae
  3. pp. 71-95
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. 5. Sudan: “Successful” Constitutional Reform Spurs Localized Violence
  2. Karly Kupferberg, Stefan Wolff
  3. pp. 96-114
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. Integration Can Work
  2. pp. 115-116
  1. 6. Ghana: The Complements of Successful Centralization: Checks, Balances, and Informal Accommodation
  2. Justin Orlando Frosini
  3. pp. 117-134
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. 7. Senegal: The Limits of Hyper-Centralization
  2. I. William Zartman, Hillary Thomas-Lake, Arame Tall
  3. pp. 135-157
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. 8. Zimbabwe: The Unintended Consequences of Authoritarian Institutions
  2. Andrew Reynolds
  3. pp. 158-180
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. Applying the Lessons
  2. pp. 181-182
  1. 9. Africa’s Domestic Institutions of Integration and Accommodation: A New Database
  2. Eli Poupko
  3. pp. 183-225
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. 10. Rethinking Constitutional Reform for Democracy and Stability
  2. Alan J. Kuperman
  3. pp. 226-236
  4. restricted access Download |
  1. Notes
  2. pp. 237-272
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 273-274
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Index
  2. pp. 275-292
  3. restricted access Download |
  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. 293-294
  3. restricted access Download |
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.